Download 2284 Gerund and Infinitive PDF

Title2284 Gerund and Infinitive
TagsPreposition And Postposition Verb Pronoun Adjective Noun
File Size268.5 KB
Total Pages9
Document Text Contents
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After modals and after auxiliaries do/did:
- You should come
- You can swim
- Did you finish your exam properly?

After let’s... (Us): - Let’s go dancing and drinking.

After make + noun/pronoun object: she makes me laugh very often.

After would rather: I’d rather stay out during the weekend.

After has better: I´d better go work now.

After why not...? Why not call me Peter.

After the verb HELP we can use the to-infinitive or the bare infinitive:
- Could you help your sister (to) do her homework?

After a verb of perception ( see, watch, notice, feel hear) + object:
- I didn’t hear you come in

When there is a series of infinitives after a verb:
- I’d like to come and see you.

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Verbs + infinitive Verbs + gerund
agree, aim, appear, arrange, ask,
attempt, beg, can't afford, can't wait,
choose, claim, decide, demand, desire,
expect, fail, guarantee, happen, help,
hope, manage, offer, plan ,prepare,
pretend, promise, prove, refuse, seem,
tend, threaten, turn out , undertake,
want, wish

admit, avoid, cant face can't help
can't resist can't stand, carry on
consider, delay, deny, detest, dislike,
enjoy, excuse, fancy, finish, give up,
imagine, involve, justify, keep {on),
mention, mind, postpone, practise, put
off, resent, risk, save, suggest ,tolerate.

Verbs + gerund or infinitive

Some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive, and the meaning remains the

same: begin, propose, forbid, intend, start...
Some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes

(stop, remember, forget…)

We use forget/remember doing for memories of the past.
We use forget/remember to do for actions someone is/was supposed to do (the remembering happens before
the action).
Peter won’t forget calling you.
I remember opening the door.
We use go on doing when we continue doing something.
We use go on to do when we move on to do something else.
Sarah went on dancing all day. (did the same thing)
The kind went on to say they did their homework.
We use mean doing when one thing results in or involves another.
We use mean to do to express an intention.
This means leaving at 6.00. (involves)
This means that we will have to leave at 6.00. (has a result)

We use regret doing when we are sorry about something that happened in the past.
Kate regretted not buying the house.
We use regret to inform/to tell when we are giving bad news. This use is formal.
I regret to tell you that you have failed this examination.

We use stop doing when we end and action.
We use stop to do when we give the reason for stopping.
I stopped going to evening classes. (gave up going)
I stopped to buy some coffee. (in order to buy)

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