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TitleBagua
Tags Classical Chinese Philosophy Religious Cosmologies Mythological Cosmologies Chinese Classic Texts
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Table of Contents
                            Trigrams
Relation to other principles
	Hexagram lookup table
Fu Xi “Earlier Heaven”
King Wen “Later Heaven”
龍圖
龜書
Bagua used in Feng Shui
	Xiantian Bagua
	Houtian Bagua
	Bagua of the eight aspirations
	Bagua map
In popular culture
See also
References
External links
Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses
	Text
	Images
	Content license
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Bagua

For other uses, see Bagua (disambiguation).
TheBagua (Chinese: 八卦; literally:“eight symbols”),

Bagua diagram from ZhaoHuiqian's (趙撝謙)Liushu benyi (六
書本義, 1370s).

or Pa Kua, are eight trigrams used in Daoist cosmology
to represent the fundamental principles of reality, seen as
a range of eight interrelated concepts. Each consists of
three lines, each line either“broken”or“unbroken,”
respectively representing yin or yang. Due to their tripar-
tite structure, they are often referred to as“trigrams”in
English.
The trigrams are related to Taiji philosophy, Taijiquan
and the Wu Xing, or “five elements”.*[1] The rela-
tionships between the trigrams are represented in two
arrangements, the Primordial (先天八卦), “Earlier
Heaven”*[2] or“FuXi”bagua (伏羲八卦), and theMan-
ifested (後天八卦),“Later Heaven,”*[2] or“KingWen”
bagua. The trigrams have correspondences in astronomy,
astrology, geography, geomancy, anatomy, the family,
and elsewhere.*[3]*[4]
The ancient Chinese classic, I Ching (Pinyin: Yi Jing),
consists of the 64 pairwise permutations of trigrams, re-
ferred to as "hexagrams", along with commentary on each
one.

1 Trigrams

2 Relation to other principles

Derivation of the bagua

There are two possible sources of bagua. The first is from
traditional Yin and Yang philosophy. This is explained by
Fuxi in the following way:

Another possible source of bagua is the following, at-
tributed to King Wen of Zhou Dynasty: “When the
world began, there was heaven and earth. Heaven mated
with the earth and gave birth to everything in the world.
Heaven is Qian-gua, and the Earth is Kun-gua. The re-
maining six guas are their sons and daughters”.
The trigrams are related to the five elements of Wu Xing,
used by Feng Shui practitioners and in Traditional Chi-
nese Medicine. Those five elements are Water, Wood,
Fire, Earth and Metal. The Water (Kan) and Fire (Li)
trigrams correspond directly with the Water and Fire el-
ements. The element of Earth corresponds with both the
trigrams of Earth (Kun) and Mountain (Gen). The el-
ement of Wood corresponds with the trigrams of Wind
(Xun) (as a gentle but inexorable force that can erode
and penetrate stone) and Thunder (Zhen). The element
of Metal corresponds with the trigrams of Heaven (Qian)
and Lake (Dui).
There are eight possible combinations to render the vari-
ous trigrams (八卦 bāguà):

1

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bagua_(disambiguation)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taoism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yin_and_yang
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiji_(philosophy)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%2527ai_chi_ch%2527uan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Xing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astronomy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geomancy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatomy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_Ching

Page 3

3

7.1 Xiantian Bagua

In Xiantian Bagua, also known as Fu Xi Bagua or Earlier
Heaven Bagua, the Heaven is in the higher part and the
Earth is in the lower part. The trigram Qian (Heaven) is
at the top, the trigram Kun (Earth) is at the bottom (in the
past, the South was located at the top in Chinese maps).
The trigram Li (Fire) is located on the left and opposite to
it is the trigram Kan (Water). Zhen (Thunder) and Xun
(Wind) form another pair, while being one opposite the
other, the first on the bottom left next to Li while the sec-
ond is next to Qian on the top right of the Bagua. Gen
(Mountain) and Dui (Lake) form the last pair, one op-
posite the other, both in balance and harmony. The ad-
justment of the trigrams is symmetrical by forming exact
contrary pairs. They symbolize the opposite forces of Yin
and Yang and represent an ideal state, when everything is
in balance.

7.2 Houtian Bagua

The sequence of the trigrams in Houtian Bagua, also
known as the Bagua of KingWen or Later Heaven Bagua,
describes the patterns of the environmental changes. Kan
is placed downwards and Li at the top, Zhen in the East
and Dui in the West. Contrary to the Earlier Heaven
Bagua, this one is a dynamic Bagua where energies and
the aspects of each trigram flow towards the following.
It is the sequence used by the Luo Pan compass which is
used in Feng Shui to analyze the movement of the Qi that
affects us.

7.3 Bagua of the eight aspirations

Feng shui was made very popular in the Occident thanks
to the Bagua of the eight aspirations. Each trigram corre-
sponds to an aspect of life which, in its turn, corresponds
to one of the cardinal directions. Applying feng shui us-
ing the Bagua of the eight aspirations made it possible to
simplify feng shui and to bring it within the reach of ev-
eryone. The Masters of traditional feng shui call it Neo
Feng Shui, for its simplicity, because it does not take into
account the forms of the landscape or the temporal influ-
ence or the annual cycles. The Bagua of the eight aspira-
tions is divided into two branches: the first, which uses the
compass and cardinal directions, and the second, which
uses the Bagua by using the main door. It is clear that, not
taking into account the cardinal directions, the second is
even more simplified.

7.4 Bagua map

A bagua map is a tool used in modern forms of feng
shui to map a room or location and see how the dif-
ferent sections correspond to different aspects in one's
life. These sections are believed to relate to every area

or aspect of life and are divided into such categories
as: fame, relationships/marriage, children/creativity,
helpful people/travel, career, inner knowledge, fam-
ily/ancestors/health, and wealth/blessings.
In this system, the map is intended to be used over the
land, one's home, office or desk to find areas lacking
good chi, and to show where there are negative or miss-
ing spaces that may need rectifying or enhancing in life
or the environment.
For example, if the bagua grid is placed over the entire
house plan and it shows the toilet, bathroom, laundry, or
kitchen in the wealth/blessings area it would be consid-
ered that the money coming into that particular environ-
ment would disappear very fast, as if to be 'going down
the drain.'

8 In popular culture

A Tibetan“Mystic Tablet”containing the Eight Trigrams on top
of a large tortoise (presumably, alluding to the animal that pre-
sented them to Fu Xi), along with the 12 signs of Chinese zodiac,
and a smaller tortoise carrying the Lo Shu Square on its shell

Film

• The Filipino horror film Feng Shui is about a cursed
Bagua mirror that involves a person getting killed in
a way that relates to their Chinese zodiac if they stare
at the Bagua mirror.

• In the film G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra, Snake-Eyes
has the Bagua symbols for water and fire printed on
the arm of his uniform, since the original comics had
the same symbols as the arm tattoo used by mem-
bers of the Arashikage clan (Snake-Eyes and Storm
Shadow's clan).

• In the 2010 remake of The Karate Kid, the matches
in the final contest sequence take place on large cir-
cular Bagua arrangements that delimit the combat
area.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_world
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feng_shui
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feng_shui
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Office
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longma
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fu_Xi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_zodiac
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lo_Shu_Square
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feng_Shui_(2004_film)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_zodiac
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G.I._Joe:_The_Rise_of_Cobra
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snake_Eyes_(G.I._Joe)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G.I._Joe_(comics)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arashikage
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storm_Shadow_(G.I._Joe)

Page 4

4 10 REFERENCES

• In the John Woo historical movie, Red Cliff, Dong
Wu Princess Sun Shang Xiang baited a Cao general
and his entire cavalry unit into a Bagua formation,
which was set up by Zhuge Liang and Zhou Yu as
a counter-attack to Cao Cao's intended ambush on
Red Cliff Fortress.

Television

• In Jackie Chan Adventures, the trigrams are each
written on a face of the Pan'ku Box and each of the
trigrams represent their own demon sorcerer with
corresponding nature.

• The television series Lost incorporated the Bagua
into the logos for the DHARMA Initiative.

Cartoons, manga and anime

• In the cartoon series Avatar: The Last Airbender,
Airbending is based on Bagua. The Bagua appears
again on Air Temple Island in Avatar's sequel series
The Legend of Korra.

• In the manga and anime Naruto, the Hyuga clan's
main attack is the Eight Trigrams Sixty-Four Palms.
Additionally, the Eight Trigram Sealing Style is used
to seal the Nine Tailed Fox inside of Naruto.

• In the anime Cowboy Bebop episode“Boogie Woo-
gie Feng Shui”, the device that Maefa uses with the
sunstone contains trigrams from the Bagua.

Games

• In Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb, there is a
level where the player is tasked with solving a puzzle
based on the Earlier Heaven Bagua.

• Ling Xiaoyu, a character from the Tekken series,
uses various forms of Chinese martial arts, Bagua
being one of those styles.

• In Touhou Project, a bullet hell series, the character
Marisa Kirisame uses a“mini-Hakkero”with one
of the Bagua diagrams on it.

• InDynastyWarriors 7: Empires, the mainmenu uses
the “Earlier Heaven”Bagua arrangement as the
“floor”for the selections.

• In Elsword, the character Ara Haan receives a skill
called“Eight TrigramPalm”(or“Double Collision”
) upon advancing to a“Little Hsien”.

• In Battlefield 4, many trigrams are found on the
four maps of the“Dragon's Teeth”expansion pack.
Some players believe the trigrams could be used to
decrypt the password that will unlock the“Phantom
Initiate”assignment.

• In Blade & Soul, Bagua are used as accessories to
increase players' stats. They are found throughout
the game in tiles and a complete Bagua is made by
combining eight tiles.

Music

• The 8 Diagrams, an album released by The Wu-
Tang Clan in 2007, features an adaptation of the
Bagua map on its cover.

• Marilyn Manson's 8th studio album, "Born Villain",
makes extensive visual use of the trigrams.

• Blur's 8th album, 2015's The Magic Whip, features
the FuXi arrangement on its rear sleeve.

• Hexagram 50 is featured in the cover of Future Days
by Can.

Other

• The Unicode character set has characters for each
of the eight trigrams at codepoints U+2630 to
U+2637:*[6] (☰ ☱ ☲ ☳ ☴ ☵ ☶ ☷).

9 See also
• Flag of South Korea: the Taegeuk flag.

• Singapore dollar: the one dollar coin is shaped like
a bagua.

• Flag of South Vietnam: a trigram representing
“south”.

• Baguazhang: a martial art based on principles de-
rived from bagua.

• Taijiquan: the Taoist martial art that uses bagua
principles.

• Tian gan and Di zhi: the archaic calendar system of
East Asia.

• Tekes County, a planned community with a shape
of a bagua.

10 References
[1] CHEN, Xin (tr. Alex Golstein). The Illustrated Canon of

Chen Family Taijiquan, INBI Matrix Pty Ltd, 2007. page
11. (accessed on Scribd.com, December 14, 2009.)

[2] Wilhelm, Richard (1950). The I Ching or Book of
Changes. translated by Cary F. Baynes, forward by C.
G. Jung, preface to 3rd ed. by Hellmut Wilhelm (1967).
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. pp. 266, 269.
ISBN 069109750X.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Cliff
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackie_Chan_Adventures
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_(TV_series)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DHARMA_Initiative
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avatar:_The_Last_Airbender
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Legend_of_Korra
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naruto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyuga_clan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_taijutsu_in_Naruto#Eight_Trigrams_Sixty-Four_Palms
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Naruto_characters#Kurama
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naruto_Uzumaki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cowboy_Bebop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiana_Jones_and_the_Emperor%2527s_Tomb
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ling_Xiaoyu
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tekken
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Touhou_Project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullet_hell
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marisa_Kirisame
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynasty_Warriors_7:_Empires
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elsword
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battlefield_4
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_&_Soul
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8_Diagrams
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu-Tang_Clan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu-Tang_Clan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marilyn_Manson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Born_Villain
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blur_(band)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Magic_Whip
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_hexagrams_of_the_I_Ching#Hexagram_50
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Future_Days
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Can_(band)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unicode
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_South_Korea
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singapore_dollar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_South_Vietnam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baguazhang
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taijiquan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taoism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavenly_stems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthly_branches
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tekes_County
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planned_community
http://www.scribd.com/doc/22501334/Illustrated-Canon-of-Chen-Family-Taijiquan-by-Chen-Xin
http://www.scribd.com/doc/22501334/Illustrated-Canon-of-Chen-Family-Taijiquan-by-Chen-Xin
http://books.google.com/books?id=bbU9AAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA266&pg=PA266
http://books.google.com/books?id=bbU9AAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA266&pg=PA266
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/069109750X

Page 5

5

[3] TSUEI, Wei. Roots of Chinese culture and medicine Chi-
nese Culture Books Co., 1989.

[4] ZONG, Xiao-Fan and Liscum, Gary. Chinese Medical
Palmistry: Your Health in Your Hand, Blue Poppy Press,
1999.

[5] Wilhelm, R. & Baynes, C., (1967):“The I Ching or Book
of Changes”, With foreword by Carl Jung, Introduction,
Bollingen Series XIX, Princeton University Press, (1st ed.
1950)

[6] http://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U2600.pdf

11 External links
• Malaysia Iching Net

• The Spiritual Feng Shui

• Kheper.net on the trigrams

• Bagua

• The oirigin of Bazhai Feng Shui based on the Bagua

http://seattle.medfinds.com/uploads/download_forms/3718/ROOTS-EN.pdf
http://books.google.com/books?id=eWfedzeQMk0C&lpg=PA1&ots=3Jq9BThQJe&dq=eight%2520trigrams%2520anatomy%2520relatives&lr=&pg=PA187#v=onepage&q=&f=false
http://books.google.com/books?id=eWfedzeQMk0C&lpg=PA1&ots=3Jq9BThQJe&dq=eight%2520trigrams%2520anatomy%2520relatives&lr=&pg=PA187#v=onepage&q=&f=false

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