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Calvin: Commentaries
	Introductory Material
		Half Title Page
		General Editors Page
		Title Page
		Copyright Page
		General Editors' Preface
	Contents
		Preface
		General Introduction
		Introductory Selections from Calvin
			I. Autobiographical Sketch
			II. Preface to Olivetan's New Testament
			III. Epistle to Simon Grynaeus on the Commentary on Romans
		Commentaries
			I. The Bible
			II. The Knowledge of God
			III. Jesus Christ
			IV. The Christian Life
			V. Faith
			VI. Providence
			VII. Election and Predestination
			VIII. Ethics and the Common Life
			IX. The Church
		Indexes
			General Index
			Commentary Selections
			Biblical References
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

Calvin

Page 205

208 CALVIN : COMMENTARIES

may rejoice in sharing his blessed resurrection. Nay more, he
affirms that in this way what is lacking in Christ's own afflic-
tions is completed. Romans 8:29 says the same thing: "Whom
God has chosen, them he has predestined that they may con-
form to the image of Christ, who is the first-born among the
brethren."1 Moreover, we know that since the Head and the
members are united, the name Christ sometimes includes the
whole body. This is evident from I Cor. 12:12, where, speaking
of the church, the apostle finally concludes that being in Christ
is like being [a member] in the human body. Therefore, as
Christ suffered once in himself, so he now suffers every day in
his members; and the sufferings which the Father decreed and
appointed for his body are completed [in the church].

There is a second consideration, which ought to encourage
and comfort our spirits in affliction: God himself has fixed and
appointed by his providence that we be conformed to Christ by
enduring the cross, and that our communion with him extend
to this very point.

To this, he adds a third reason: that the sufferings of Christ
bear fruit not only for the few, but for the church as a whole.
He had before said that he suffered in behalf of the Colossians;
now he declares more inclusively that the fruit of his sufferings
extends to the whole church. Philippians 1:12 also speaks of
this same fruit. What other explanation of this verse is clearer,
simpler, and less forced? Paul rejoices in tribulation because,
as he writes elsewhere, he considers that if Christ's life is to be
manifest in us, we must carry about his death in our own bodies
(II Cor. 4:10). He says the same in the letter to Timothy: "If
we suffer with him, we shall also reign with him: if we die with
him, we shall also live with him" (II Tim. 2:11). All will end
in joy and glory. Hence, if the members of Christ are to have a
symmetry with the Head, they must not reject the state which
God himself has appointed for his church. The third point is
this, afflictions must be borne to the end willingly, because they
are useful to all the godly and promote the well-being of the
whole church, by giving a peculiar beauty to the truth of the
gospel.

Then they shall deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and
ye shall be hated by all nations for my name's sake. Matt. 24:9.

Now Christ predicts for his disciples another kind of tempta-
tion which shall try their faith; namely, that besides the common
1 Calvin's citation is not correct. He has elegit for Trpocyvcu.

Page 206

THE CHRISTIAN LIFE 209

afflictions [of man] they shall be hated and detested by the
entire world. It is hard enough and sad enough for the children
of God to be afflicted without distinction from and together
with the wicked and despisers of God, and to be subjected to
the same punishments which come upon the latter because of
their crimes. It appears the height of injustice that they should
be oppressed with the hardship of greater evils which do not
touch the ungodly. Just as wheat, after being beaten with a
flail together with the tares, is ground under a millstone and
crushed, so also God not only afflicts his own with the wicked,
but in addition subjects them to a cross which goes beyond what
others [have to endure], so that they appear to suffer far greater
misery than all the rest of the human race.

Christ here is speaking of the afflictions which the disciples
were to suffer for the gospel. What Paul says in Rom. 8:29 is
of course true. Those whom God elects, he destines to bear a
cross, so that they may conform to the image of the Son. But
there Paul means more than persecution at the hands of the
enemies of the gospel. Here, on the other hand, Christ is speak-
ing of the kind of cross which the faithful have to carry because
of their witness to the gospel; for this makes it necessary for
them to incur the hatred of the ungodly, to face their insults
and provoke them to fury. He wants to warn his disciples that,
as he had explained to them before, the doctrine of the gospel,
of which they were to become witnesses and heralds, would at
no time please the world or receive its applause. So he
prophesies that they will not be fighting with only a few
enemies, but that, everywhere they go, nations shall risp against
them.

It was monstrous and incredible, calculated to amaze and
trouble the strongest minds, that the name of the Son of God
should become so infamous and hateful as to create hatred
everywhere toward those who honored it. Therefore, Mark
says, take heed to yourselves; and in this way he brings out the
purpose and use of the above warning that they be prepared to
endure, lest, being incautious, they be overcome by temptation.
It is added further by the same Mark that when the disciples
of Christ shall be brought before kings and rulers, it will be a
testimony against them. Luke puts it a little differently: This will
happen to you in testimony \ but it means the same thing. For Christ
says that, where his gospel is defended at the peril of death,
there the testimony for it shall be all the greater.

Page 410

Isaiah—continued
60:1-3
66:1-4

Jeremiah
7:» 3O
9:24 320
23:36 288
3i:9 177
31:15 n 6
3i:3i-33- ..107,110,115
36:4-6, 28 33n

Ezekiel
3:8-9 383
14:4 34
16:12 2on
16:45 33 f-
17:1-2 21
20:11, 13 103
Daniel
2:44 182
7:i4 182
9:24 62
9:25 22

Amos
ch.7 98

Micah
4:2 21
5:2 62,9of.
5:i3-i4 98

Habakkuk
2:1-4 252

Malachi
4:4 375

Matthew
1:20-21 65

5:6 398
5:10 210
5:45 347
6:11 348
6:21 170
9:13 139
11:13 n o
11:21 40
11:25 97
12:7 139
13:11 4°5
13^4 277
15:7. 3i
16:18 236
17:5 64
17:20 235

INDEXES

Matthew—continued
19:23
21:13
21:42
22:2
23:24
24:23
24:35
25:31
26:14
27:35

413
John—continued
17:20 157
18:17 44
20:31 41

28:9 169 f.

Mark
39

16:1..
16:19.
16:20.

.209

..30

..46

..41

Acts
2:19.
2:41.
3:21.
3:22.
7:16.
14:17
16:35
17:16

••••• 49
180
175
375

30
127
21

. . 45
20:26-27 379
22:2 30

:io 238
238

24:1c
26:1.

Luke
i:32-33 65
1:33 182
2:10-11 65
2:29-31 65
2:34 *°9
9:55 285
10:33 33i
12:50 49
17:6 235
17:21 196
19:41 46
21:12 209
22:61 324
John
1:1 46
1:16 28
1:17 108
1:29 65
2:19 171
3:33 287
4:24 112,345
448 41
5*1 49
6:26 41
7:39 175
10:18 171
10:25 65
10:28 302
10:29 236
11:18 41
12:41 29, 121
12:45 29
14:17 171
16:7 175
16:8 403
16:13 • 237
17:17 237
17:19 *57

Romans
1:2 312
1:16-17 n o
1:17 225,253
2:5 49
2:13 106
3:9-10 106
3:jo 154
4:20 237
4:25 398
5:1 153
5:10 193,232
6:2-7 231
6:4 231
6:8 317
8:3 156
8:10 197
8:11 49
8:23 210
8:28-30 4m
8:28 288:29 208,209,218
8:35-36 231
9:6-15 293
9^7 42
10:6 174
10:8 156,244
10:17 255
11:2O in
12:17.
1 3 : 8 . .
13:10.
13:14-
15:16.

•334
.326
•327
•35O
•373

I Corinthians

3:9
4:4
7:21-22

.320
•384
.321
.328

Page 411

I Corinthians—continued
9:10-14 329
9:16 379
10:8 31
10:23-31 325
12:12 208
14:11 21 4:28.
15:19 49 5:4--
15:24 I6I 5:14-
15:26 49,196 6:17.

INDEXES

Ephesians
1:4-6 128,308
1:5 192
2:10 191
2:17 396
4:8 30

50
30

15:52.
I5:54-
II Corinthians
1:8 44
1:20 101
2:15 278
2:16 109
3:6 399
3:7 103 f., 112 f.
3:14 400
3:i7 146,325
3:18 136
4:3 405
4:8-10 48
4:10 208
4:11-12 44
4:16 197
5:1 44
5:7 240
5:18 389
5:20 156
9:7 336
10:6 389
12:9 199
Galatians
2:20 44
3:1 237
3:10 no
3:n 253
3:13 325
4:9 98,307
4:29 280

144
203

Philippians
1:12
3:9
4:12

208

349

Colossians

1:29
2:9
2:14
2:17
2:18
ch. 3
3:3

•237
..46
.236
.362

. .21

.218

.196

I Thessalonians
1:4 4i
3:6-7 207
5:23 314

II Thessalonians
1:5 .203

I Timothy
1:10 21
1:18 200
2:4 237
3:15 238
3:16 46 f.
4:10 218

II Timothy
1:9-10 42
1:9 308,311
2:11-12 232
2:11 208
47 44

Titus
1:2 42
1:15 347

Hebrews
1:2 160
9:1-10 98
9:10 97
9:24 48
10:5 30
10:7 49
10:26-27 50
10:38 30
11:1 240
13:8 311

I Peter
1:2 308
2:8 109
3:i4 30
3:21 45
4-'" 377
4:14 210

II Peter
1:4 21

I John
3:2 49
4:1-2 41
4:10 232
5:1-6 64
5:4 253

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