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TitleDunn James - Baptism in the Holy Spirit
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Table of Contents
                            Front Matter
	Cover
	Back Cover
	Title Page
	Copyright
	Contents
	Abbreviations
	Preface
I Introduction
PART ONE
II The Expectation of John the Baptist
III The Experience of Jesus at Jordan
PART TWO
IV The Miracle of Pentecost
V The Riddle of Samaria
VI The Conversion of Paul
VII The Conversion of Cornelius
VIII The 'Disciples' at Ephesus
IX Conversion-initiation in the Acts of the Apostles
PART THREE
X The Early Paulines
XI The Corinthian Letters
XII The Letter to Rome
XIII The Later Paulines
PART FOUR
XIV The Johannine Pentecost?
XV The Spirit and Baptism in John's Gospel
XVI The Spirit and the Word in the Letters of John
PART FIVE
XVI The Spirit and the Word in the Letters of John
XVII The Spirit and Baptism in Hebrews
XVIII Conversion-initiation in Peter
XIX Conclusion
Indices
	Index of Modem Authors and Works
	Index of Biblical References
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

New Testament/Theology

A Re-examination of the New Testament Teaching on the Gift
of the Spirit in Relation to Pentecostalism Today

Baptism in the
Holy Spirit

This classic, now it1 a new paperback edition, introduces the
reader to the most distinctive aspect of Pentecostal theology-
baptism in the Holy Spirit. Dr. Dunn sees water-baptism as only
one element in the New Testament pattern of conversion and ini-
tiation. The gift of the Spirit, he believes, is the central element.
For the writers of the New Testament only those who received the
Spirit could be called Christians. For them, the reception of the
Spirit was a very definite and often dramatic experience - the
decisive and climactic experience in conversion-initiation - to
which the Christian was usually recalled when reminded of the
beginning of his Christian faith and experience.

What Dr. Dunn uncovers here is the place of the gift of the
Spirit in the total complex event of becoming a Christian. His con-
clusions will help any reader to deepen his own understanding of
the sacrament of baptism.

JAMES D. G. DUNN is Lecturer in New Testament in the
Department of Theology at the University of Nottingham, England.
He is also author of jeszts and the Spirit: A Study of the Religious and
Charismatic Experience of Jesus and the First Christians as Rejlected
in the Neu; Testament (sequel to BAP~ISM IN THE HOLY SPIRIT) ,
Christology in the Making: A New Testament Inquiry Into the Origins
of the Doctrine of the Incarnation, and Unity and Dirjersity in the N e w
Testament.

THE WESTMINSTER PRESS rSBN 0-664-24140-9

Cover rllurtr~rtran The Baptlsm of Chrlst from the northdoor ef the Baptistry, Florence.
Copyrrght photograph. G~orgto LanratI

Page 129

Tbe Corinthian Letters 1 1 9

sa lva t ion . 7 A n d since h e b a p t i z e d o t d y a h a n d f u l , i t m u s t h a v e b e e n
t h r o u g h his p reach ing ( a n d the i r response t o i t ) tha t h e became the
C o r i n t h i a n s ' fa ther (4.15) a n d t h e y his w o r k n i a n s h i p a n d the seal
o f his apost lesh ip ( 9 . 1 - 2 ) , a n d i t m u s t h a v e b e e n b y t he gospe l tha t
he w o n m e n a n d s o u g h t t o save m e n (9.19, 2 2 ; R o m . 1 . 1 6 ) . F o r
F a i d , the v i t a l e lement , o n the h u m a n leve l , i n w i n i d n g m e n t o
C h r i s t is t he p resen ta t ion o f t h e gospe l . I n shor t , v . 1 7 sets w a t e r -
b a p t i s m i n anti thesis w i t h tha t t h r o u g h w h i c h the Sp i r i t w o r k s t o
effect sa lva t ion . 8

I t has somethnes b e e n a r g u e d tha t i t is n o t b a p t i s m w h i c h P a u l
regards as a n d n o r m a t t e r b u t the ques t i on o f w h o p e r f o r m s i t ,
since the essential t h i n g i n b a p t i s m is G o d ' s w o r k a n d n o t the ro le
o f the bap t i ze r . » B u t w h i l e there is s o m e t r u t h i n this - i n tha t the
d iv is ions i n C o r i n t h w e r e based o n w h o ( o r w h o s e associates) h a d
b a p t i z e d w h o m - i t m u s t n o t b e o v e r l o o k e d that this seems t o h a v e
i n v o l v e d a false u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f b a p t i s m i tsel f (cf . 15 .z^).^° T h i s
is w h y P a u l contrasts n o t the ' p e r f o r m e r s ' o f b a p t i s m ( G o d o r
m a n ) , b u t the w o r k o f b a p t i z i n g i tsel f ( w h i c h h a d b e e n d i v i s i ve
s i m p l y because i t w a s so m u c h the w o r k o f m a n ) , w i t h the w o r k o f
p reacb ing ( w h i c h is t he i n s t m m e n t o f G o d ) . A n d tha t is w h y P a u l
q u i c k l y po in t s o u t tha t h e has n o interest i n b a p t i z i n g - his task is
t o p reach t he g o s p e l ; b a p t i s m is n o t a t t he hear t o f his sa lva t ion
s t ra tegy - the k e y w o r k there is g i v e n t o t he gospe l . S o , just as t he
abuse o f c i r cumc is ion l ed h i m t o dispense w i t h c i r cmnc is ion
a l toge ther a n d t o exal t fa i th , i n a s imi lar w a y , w h e n b a p t i s m w a s
abused a n d its ro le m i s u n d e r s t o o d , h e t u m e d a w a y f r o m i t a n d p u t
its f u n c t i o n i n p r o p e r perspec t i ve b y h i g h U g h t i n g tha t w h i c h real ly
m a t t e r e d i n t he m i i ds te r i ng a n d rece i v ing o f sa lva t ion . T h e gospe l
b r o u g h t sa lva t ion t o C o r i n t h , b u t b a p t i s m b r o u g h t d i v i s i on . T h e r e ­
f o r e P a u l thaidts G o d tha t h e d i d n o t b a p t i z e , a n d directs a t t en t i on
a w a y f r o m tha t w h i c h h a d d i v i d e d t h e m t o w a r d s tha t w h i c h h a d
b r o u g h t t h e m all t o t he o n e C h r i s t , p o i n t i n g o u t t h a t so f a r as his

7 Rom. 1.16; 10.17; 15 .18 ; ICor. 1.21; 2.4f.; 4 . 1 J ; i4.24f.; 15.if.; II Cor.
2.14-17; 4.4-6; Gal. 3.2, 5; Eph. 5.26; 6.17; Col. i.jf.; I Thess. 1.5; 2.13;
n Thess. 3.1; (LI Tim. 2.9). See also Friedrich. TDNT II 730-3.

«Cf. Hoylci52f.
* Lietzmaim-Kümmel 168; Wendland 15 f.; Lampe, Seal 5 4; Schnackenburg

169; DeUing, Taufe x i8 .
" Cf. J . MofiEatt, Tbe Firsf Epistle ofPaul to tbe Corintbiaiu (Moffintt 1938)

1 1 - 1 2 ; Lictzmann-Ktimmel 8; J . Höring, Tbe First Epistle of St Paut to tbe
Corintbians (ET 1962) 7; Lohse 5i4f., Ktlmmel, lutroduttion 201; Conzelmann
49f.

Page 130

120 Baptism in tlie Holy Spirit

miss ion w a s concerned b a p t i s m b a d n o ind ispensable ro le a n d o n l y
the gospe l ma t te red . i i

I n b r ie f , f o r P a u l as f o r L u k e , b a p t i s m appears t o be a f u n c t i o n
o f fa i th , m a n ' s means o f response t o the gospe l o f G o d . B a p t i s m
as an act d% TÖ ÖVO\M 'Irjaov Xpiarov is m a n ' s w a y o f accept ing G o d ' s
offet o f sa lva t ion a n d o f ' c U n c h i n g the b a r g a i n ' w i t h G o d . W h e n
w e l o o k f o r G o d ' s means o f ef fect ing sa lva t ion w e f i nd t h e m i n the
Sp i r i t a n d the gospe l . W e can there fo re say tha t h e is the veh ic le o f
G o d ' s sav i ng grace as b a p t i s m is the veh ic le o f m a n ' s sav ing fa i th .
I C o r . I .I7 may not me re l y be w a v e d aside and the role it g i ves to
b a p t i s m s imp l y be d i scoun ted i n f a v o u r o f those passages which
are amenab le t o a h i g h doc t r i ne of b a p t i s m . N o d o u b t the verse
comes at o n e ex t r eme o f Pau l ' s doc t r i ne o f b a p t i s m , a n d his State­
m e n t o f i t here has been de te rm ined b y the d rcums tances h e is
address ing , b u t , never the less, i t be longs t o that doc t r ine , a n d unless
w e g i v e i t d u e w d g h t w e shaU fal l t o reach the r i g h t i m d e r s t a n d i n g
o f P a u l ' s to ta l v i e w o f b a p t i s m .

ICor. 2.12
T h i s sentence has b e e n q u o t e d i n s u p p o r t o f t he v i e w tha t there

is a g i v i n g a n d r e c d v i n g o f the Sp i r i t p r i o r t o fa i th i n o r d e r t o
i m p a r t fai th .12 B u t i n I C o r . 2,10-3.4 t he basic cont ras t is b e t w e e n
the Ch r i s t i an (rrvevimriKos i n v i r t u e o f his recep t ion o f the Sp i r i t ) a n d
the n o n - C h r i s t i a n (tlmxiKos because he is ' d e v o i d o f t h e Sp i r i t ' - J u d e
19). T h e r e is a d is t inc t ion b e t w e e n Chr is t ians w h o are wevfjuirntoi
i n t h e sense o f ' m a t u r e ' a n d Chr is t ians w h o are ye t aapKiKoi - b u t
there is n o t h o u g h t o f a n o n - C h r i s t i a n b e i n g wevfiariKos (as h a v i n g
r e c d v e d t he Sp i r i t w h o t h e n proceeds t o i m p a r t fa i th ) .

Parrat t also dtes I I Thess , 2 ,13; I I C o r . 4 ,13; G a l , 5,5; I C o r . 12,3;
A c t s 6.5; 11,24. B u t I I Thess . 2.13 gives the chief dements in convers ion
in order o f importance, no t in order o r stages o f salvation. O n I C o r .
12.3 see p, 151 , T h e other references are no t rdevan t . T h e fact remains
that the ordy reception o f the Spir i t wh i ch the N T talks about is the
gif t o f the Spiri t to the m a n w h o believes (iriorevaas), the gif t wh ich
makes h i m a Christ ian. See 'p , 94 above.

ICor. 6.11
F o r m o s t c o m m e n t a t o r s th is is ' a bap t i sma l say i ng ' b y w h i c h
11 Cf. W, Marxsen in Apophortta (E, Haenchen Festschrift 1964) 173.
" Parratt, Seal 67,

Page 257

Index of Biblical References 247

IJobn IJobn n John
5-9 /3»/ff.. 198. 5-5 19911., 202, 2 19611 5-9

226 204 3 1920
J.II 200 5.6f. 202 4 196
J.18 19211. 5.6-8 202, 226 6 200
).»} i99n. 5.6-12 195, 200S.
J.«4 196, 197, 203 5.6 197.198,200,
4-* 197. 1990-. 201, 202, 203, Jude

20} 204
Jude

120
4-3 20311. 5.7f. 201, 202, 203 19

120

4.4 198. 20}n., 5-7 201, 202, 204
204 5.8 200, 202, 204 Reve/afion 4.10 20311. 5-9 , 196, 20^. Reve/afion

4 . « 196 5.iof. 204 1-5 21}
4.13 196, 197, 203 5.10 1960., 199, 3.20 95
f ^ J 196 5.1 If.

202n.,20/, 204 7-3 1}}
4.16 196, 19911. 5.1 If. 203 7-14 21}

199, 202 5.11 198 19.9 165
204 5.12 20J 21.2 165

M 198, 204 5-13 199 22.17 165

O T H E R J E W I S H A N D E A R L Y C H R I S T I A N W R I T I N G S

IT Esdras
I4.22ff. 2100.

180
Wisdom
15.11

Ecclesiasticus
34.25 168

Jubilees
1.2} 192
6.17-21 48
9.15 120.
15.1-24 48
} 6 . I 0 120.

/ Enoch
10.6 i2n.
10.12f. 120.
54-6 120.
67.1} 120.
90.13-27 i}n.
90.24-27 120.
104.1 5}
108-3 5 3
Testament of Judah
24.3 192

Sibylline Oracles
1 1 1 5 3 - 5 4 120.

IIBaruch
24-29 I30.

4 Ezra
7.36-38 120.
i3.iof. 120.

Psalms of Solomon
I5.6f. 120.

Qumran Documents
iQS 2 48
iQS }.3-9 16, 17
iQS 3.4-9 2120.
iQS 3.7-9 9
iQS 4-2 134
iQS 4.2of. 192
iQS 4-20-

22 192
iQS 4.21 9, 10
iQH 3.29 120.
iQH 5.16 120.
iQH6.i8f. 120.
iQH 7.6 9

Qumran Documents
iQH

12.1lf. I}4
iQH 16.129
iQH 17.269
frag. 2.9 9
frag. 2.1} 9

Josephus - Antiquities
18.85-89 640.
18.117 i6n., 2120.

Philo

De Plantatione
162 2120.

Ignatius

Ephesians
1.1 201
5.2 1850., 201
7.2 201
17.1 196
2 0 . 2 2 0 1

Magnesians
1.2 201
13.2 201

Page 258

248 Index of Biblical References

18511.

i85n.

Pbiladelpbiims
Inscrp. 201
4 201
5.1 185«., 201

Smyrfieans

I . I , 2 201
3.1, 2 201
6.1 201
7.1 201
12.2 201

Polycarp
5.2 201

HcrmM - Similitude
9.24.2 Iion.

Odes of Solomon
I I . 1 - 3 i56f.

Clement of Alexandria

Paedagogus
II.8 i96f

Trallians

8.1

Romans

7.2f.

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