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Document Text Contents
Page 2

How to
read faster
and recall
more...

Page 64

T E C H N I Q U E S FOR R E C A L L / 55

Alaska. The next task was to begin linking them together, so I had this picture
of a trainload of baked Alaska on its way to Alabama and carried on from
there.

I tried this one Saturday night as I was waiting for my wife to get ready for
going out. So I had a couple of minutes to spare. That's the sexist remark out of
the way. We went out, Sunday came and went and on the Monday afternoon I
was in a meeting. It was a college academic board meeting and the only thing
you know with certainty about meetings of teachers and lecturers is that they
will always finish at four o'clock. They were all rambling on about something,
probably car parking or catering, I can't remember, so I thought I would see
how many of the fifty states I could still remember.

I still had 46 out of 50. I lost North and South Dakota. Well, if you lose one,
you lose the other, don't you? It's like North and South Carolina. I also lost two

of the states which begin with M - Minnesota and Montana. Alphabetical

grouping was my back-up technique and there are eight states beginning with
M, namely, working roughly from east to west, another visualisation back-up
that sprang instantly to mind, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,
Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana. So the technique did not work
perfectly, but it worked a lot better than guesswork.

That is one problem with memorising techniques. They don't always work
perfectly at first. But they do improve with practice. And they get faster. As we
have said before in this book, once you know what to do, the rest is down to
practice. Practice, practice, practice.

7. The peg system is a little simpler, but it is more limited. It is also based on the
idea of making associations and linking them together, but this time in a set
format. It begins by having certain rhyming associations with numbers:

1 = bun
2 = shoe
3 = tree
4 = door

5 = hive
6 = sticks

Page 65

56 / HOW TO R E A D F A S T E R AND R E C A L L M O R E . . .

7 = heaven

8 = gate

9 = wine

10 = hen

You then make associations between the rhymes and the items you wish to

remember. It works best with shopping lists. Let's say you wish to buy a water

set. You picture it filled not with water but with buns. Secondly, you wish to

buy a pen. You picture it as a shoe with the ball point sticking out of the end

like a toe. Thirdly, you wish to buy a watch. You picture a tree with watches

hanging from it instead of fruit, and so on.

You can extend the system by devising your own rhymes for further numbers.

Twenty is about the maximum most people can handle with the peg system, but

this is usually enough for many shopping lists.

8. The phonetic system is complicated, but it allegedly enables you to remember

up to 10,000 separate items. Like the peg system, it is based on numbers and

associations, but this time, according to many books on memory, sounds are

incorporated as well, like this:

Number Sound How to remember them
1 td t and d have one downward stroke
2 n n has two downward strokes
3 m mhas three downward strokes
4 r it's the last sound in four
5 1 it's Latin for fifty (ignore the 0)
6 g upside down 6 looks like a g
7 k capital K looks like two 7s back to back when

written
8 fv 8 when hand-written looks like f
9 pb p is a mirror image of 9 and b is 9 upside down
0 sz the last sounds used for the system from the

alphabet

The numbers then give various possible associations, like:

Number Source Examples
00 two s's or z's zoos, seas, saws, shoes
01 s+t or d suit, seed, sod, seat

Page 128

Index

anticipation, 26, 93

calculating reading speed, 5

committee papers, 91, 107

comprehension, 1, 25, 32, 34-44

concentration, 26, 94

confidence, 18, 24

contracts, 91

correlation, 8

correspondence, 88

deadlines, 17

e-mail, 90

exercise procedure, 2-3

eye span, 25, 28, 71

eye test, 19

fiction, 92

financial papers, 91

fixations, 23, 25

'flashing', 29

flexibility, 11, 61-2, 65, 70,106

gears, 53-7, 70

handwritten materials, 90

journals and magazines, 88-9

Kipling's little rhyme, 37

legislation, 90

leisure reading, 92

locating, 71

mind mapping, 39, 44, 52, 78

newspapers, 86-8

objectives, 2,11-12,17

ongoing, 2,102-8

P2R, 64
PACER, 64-5

peripheral vision, 71

post-reading recall, 1

previewing, 72

purpose in reading, 36, 62, 65-6, 72, 94

reading gears, 62-3

reading process, 23-33

reading speed, 2, 7,11,13, 24-5, 28, 34,

36, 43, 51, 62, 66,102

recall, 1, 3, 7,11, 38, 45, 53-60

recording exercise results, 5, 51

119

Page 129

120 / HOW TO READ FASTER AND RECALL MORE

regression, 24, 28, 32, 51, 62, 65
reports, 89

research, 9,17,19, 24-5, 94
rhythm, 28

sampling, 71

scientific papers, 90
S-D4, 64
self-competition, 13,17
self-pacing, 17
self-recitation, 37, 39, 44, 48, 52, 78, 84,

95,102

skimming, 26, 64, 71-8, 87, 89, 92, 93
specifications, 91
study, 8, 62

subvocalising, 24

targets, 11,12, 51

techniques, 9,12,17-18, 22, 25-9, 32,
37, 46-52, 53-60, 62, 69-70, 73, 95

tension, 26
time limits, 17, 22

vocabulary, 27, 93

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