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TitleProductive Bee Keeping - Frank Chapman Pellet
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Page 1

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PRODUCTIVE
BEE-KEEPING

BY FRANKC. PELLETT

Page 2

^tate OloUcge of AgttcuUure

Kt QJocneU IntuerBttg

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Page 167

USE OF FOUNDATIONIN SECTIONS 145

By using split sections a nice appearing article is the result
when finished, as there are no holes in the corners and if con-
ditions are favorable the sections will be well filled.

Use of Foundation in Sections. —Comb foundation is pure
beeswax rolled thin and by running between rollers printed with
the size and shape of the bottoms of the cells. The use of foun-
dation saves the bees much time at a season when every possible

FOUIMOATIOIM

SECTION
HOLOeR
Ktsr

METAL FORMTO
SPREADSECtlON5 APART

WOODFRAME

SPLIT .secTiorfs

Fia. 73. —Dr. L. D. Leonard method of putting foundation into split sectionG.

assistance counts in additional honey stored. For use in sections
only the thin or extra thin foundation should be used, as the

thicker grades will be noticeable in the honey when taken into
the mouth to eat. As only pure wax is used it is not an adultera-
tion but if a thicker wax is used than the bees would build it
will serve to make the product less desirable to the consumer.

While it is common practice among amateur bee-keepers to
use but a small starter in the section, the extensive honey pro-

ducer can ill afford to do with less than full sheets. When the
10

Page 168

146 PRODUCTIONOF COMBHONEY

honey flow conies it is inijxirtant ti> make it possible for all bees
to work and also important to save every unnecessary tax on their
energy. In too many apiaries a Kindle super with small starters
will be placed on the hive and half the working force will be

loafing for lack of storage room. Not more than a dozen bees
are required to cover the bits of starter used by some.

The small compartments in which the bees are forced to

Fla. 74.^The Pangburn foundation fastL-neT and sections filled with foundation.

work when storing in sections are imnatural, and considerable
skill is sometimes necessary to get them started to work tliei-e at
all. The small spaces make it impossible for the bees to cluster
in large bunches as they do naturally when comb building. A
dozen or two of bees will find it hard to reproduce a natural ei)n-
dition, but a full sheet offers much better opportunity. The
wax which they need is already prepared to a large extent and a
suificiciit nmnber can woi-k together to assist in warming the
wax and to encour;ig(> (>ach other.

The method genei'ally pi'uctisod among large producers is to

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