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                            Figure 93, from Ad. 10862, fol. 80v.
[Figure 2. Magic circle from manuscript Ad. 10862, fol 14r.]
[Circle from M276.]
[Circle from The Magical Treatise of Solomon, Delatte, op. cit., pg 25.]
Figure 3, from Ad. 10862, fol. 81r.9
Figure 11.
Figure 12.
Figure 13, from M276.
Figure 14, from M276.
Figure 14, from Ad. 10862, fol 82r.
Figure 15, from Kings 288, fol. 73r.
Figure 16, from M276.
Figure 16, from Kings 288, fol. 73v.
Figure 17, from K288, fol. 74r.
Figure 18, from M276.
Figure 19, from M276.
Figure 20, from M276.
Figure 21, from M276.
Figure 22, from M276.
Figure 23, from M276.
Figure 24, from M276.
Figure 25, from Lans. 1202, pg. 128.
Figure 26, from Harl. 3981, fol. 77v.
Figure 27, from Sl. 3091, fol. 57v.
Figure 28, from Sl. 3091, fol. 58r.
Figure 29, from Aub24, fol. 51v.
Figure 29, from Harl. 3981, fol. 79r.
Figure 30, Aub24, fol. 58v.
Figure 31, Aub24, fol. 59r.
Figure 32, from Sl. 1307, fol. 116v.
Figure 33, from Lans. 1202, pg. 131.
Figure 34, from Lans. 1202, pg. 132.
Figure 35, from Aub24, fol. 58r.
Figure 36, from Sl. 3091, fol. 62r.
Figure 37, from Sl. 3091, fol. 62v.
Figure 38, from Aub24, fol. 59v.
Figure 39, from Sl. 3091, fol. 63v.
Figure 40, from Sl. 3091, fol. 64r.
Figure 41, from Sl. 3091, fol. 64v.
Figure 42, from Lans. 1202, pg. 135.
Figure 43, from Sl. 3091, fol. 65v.
Figure 44, from Sl. 3091, fol. 66r.
Figure 45, from Sl. 3091, fol. 66v.
Figure 46, from Kings 288, fol. 88r.
Figure 47, from Sl. 3091, fol. 67v.
Figure 48, from Sl. 3091, fol. 68r.
Figure 49, from Sl. 3091, fol. 68v.
Figure 50, from Sl. 3091, fol. 69r.
Figure 51, from Sl. 3091, fol. 69v.
Figure 52, from Sl. 3091, fol. 70r.
Figure 53, from Sl. 3091, fol. 70v.
Figure 54, from Kings 288.
INTRODUCTION by Joseph H. Peterson.
	MANUSCRIPTS
		Greek
		Latin
		Italian
		English
		Hebrew
		French
	OTHER PRINTED EDITIONS
		This edition
	THE PENTACLES
	RITUAL IMPLEMENTS
The Key of

Solomon the King
	Contents:
	PREFACE
	INTRODUCTION.1
		TABLE OF THE PLANETARY HOURS.
	NOTE BY EDITOR
THE KEY OF SOLOMON
	BOOK I
		CHAPTER I
			CONCERNING THE DIVINE LOVE WHICH OUGHT TO PRECEDE THE ACQUISITION OF THIS KNOWLEDGE
		CHAPTER II
			OF THE DAYS, AND HOURS, AND OF THE VIRTUES OF THE PLANETS.
		CHAPTER III
			CONCERNING THE ARTS.
			THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CIRCLE.
			[The Hebrew lettering per Ad. 10862, fol 13r.]
			PRAYER.
			PRAYER
			CONJURATION.
		CHAPTER IV
			THE CONFESSION TO BE MADE BY THE EXORCIST
			CONFESSION.
			PRAYER.
		CHAPTER V
			PRAYERS AND CONJURATIONS
			PRAYER.
			THE CONJURATION.2
		CHAPTER VI
			STRONGER AND MORE POTENT CONJURATION
			ADDRESS.
			CONJURATION.4
			CONJURATION.
			ADDRESS TO THE ANGELS.
		CHAPTER VII
			AN EXTREMELY POWERFUL CONJURATION
			CONJURATION.
			THE LICENSE TO DEPART
			THE CONJURATION OF THE FIRE.
			THE CURSE.
			THE LICENSE TO DEPART.
		CHAPTER VIII
			CONCERNING PENTACLES, AND THE MANNER OF CONSTRUCTING THEM
			THE ORATION.
		CHAPTER IX
			OF THE EXPERIMENT CONCERNING THINGS STOLEN, AND HOW IT SHOULD BE PERFORMED
			THE ORATION.
		CHAPTER X
			OF THE EXPERIMENT OF INVISIBILITY, AND HOW IT SHOULD BE PERFORMED
		CHAPTER XI
			EXPERIMENT OF LOVE, AND HOW IT IS TO BE PERFORMED
		CHAPTER XII
			EXPERIMENT OR OPERATION OF THE APPLE
		CHAPTER XIII1
			THE OPERATION OF LOVE BY HER DREAMS, AND HOW ONE MUST PRACTICE IT
		CHAPTER XIV
			OF THE EXPERIMENT OF SEEKING FAVOUR AND LOVE1
			THE ORATION.
		CHAPTER XV
			REGARDING EXPERIMENTS TO BE MADE REGARDING HATRED AND DISCORD1
		CHAPTER XVI
			HOW OPERATIONS OF MOCKERY AND SCORN SHOULD BE PREPARED1
		CHAPTER XVII
			HOW EXTRAORDINARY EXPERIMENTS AND OPERATIONS SHOULD BE PREPARED
			PRAYER.
		CHAPTER XVIII
			CONCERNING THE HOLY PENTACLES OR MEDALS
			END OF THE FIRST BOOK
			HERE FOLLOW THE HOLY PENTACLES, EXPRESSED IN THEIR PROPER FIGURES AND CHARACTERS, TOGETHER WITH THEIR ESPECIAL VIRTUES; FOR THE USE OF THE MASTER OF ART.
		THE ORDER OF THE PENTACLES
			[This is the general pentacle, called the Great (or Grand) Pentacle]1
		SATURN.
		JUPITER.
		MARS.
		THE SUN.
		VENUS.
		MERCURY.
		THE MOON.
			[Pentacles from the Hebrew Key of Solomon (Mafteah Shelomoh, Or. 14759, fol, 35a)]
			[Pentacles from the Greek Key of Solomon (Harl. 5596)]
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

The Key of Solomon
(Clavicula Salomonis)

Edited by S. Liddell MacGregor Mathers

Revised by Joseph H. Peterson,

Copyright © 1999, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved.

For a reprint of Mathers' edition, see listing at Amazon.com

INTRODUCTION by Joseph H. Peterson.
The Key of Solomon is the most famous and important of all Grimoires, or handbooks

of Magic. As A.E. Waite has stated (BCM, pg. 58) "At the head of all, and, within certain
limits, the inspiration and the source of all, stands the Key of Solomon. ... Mr. Mathers'
presentation of the Key of Solomon, which is still in print, though the work of an uncritical
hand, must be held to remove the necessity for entering into a detailed account of the
contents of that curious work. ... The Key of Solomon can scarcely be judged accurately in

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Page 2

the light of its English version, for the translator, preternaturally regarding it as a highly
honourable memorial of lawful magic, has excised as much as possible the Goëtic portions,
on the ground that they are interpolations, which is of course arbitrary."

Mr. Waite's harsh criticism is hardly justified. In fact, Mathers excised very little.
Actually, three of the four significant excisions are operations dealing with love magic
(Colorno, chapters 11-13: The experiment of Love, and how it should be performed; The
experiment or operation of the Apple; Of the operation of love by her dreams, and how one
must practice it. The fourth excision is chapter 14: Operations and experiments regarding
hate and destruction of enemies.)

It is true that the Mathers edition would not be considered critical by modern standards
of scholarship (but Waite's editions of various esoteric texts leave far more to be desired
than Mathers'). Especially wanting are a proper critical apparatus, an analysis of the relation
between manuscripts, and better utilization of the Latin and Italian manuscripts.
Nevertheless, this edition has stood the test of time.

MANUSCRIPTS

Of course, none of the manuscripts used by Mathers qualify as "ancient" or even
"medieval"; the oldest is probably 16th century. There are however precedents going back
further, on which see Richard Greenfield's Traditions of Belief in Late Byzantine
Demonology.

Mathers' translation is almost entirely dependant on French Colorno manuscript
exemplars dating 18th century. These are represented by the Kings 288, Harley 3981, and
Sloane 3091 manuscripts. Kings 288 and Harl. 3981 indicate they were translated by
Abraham Colorno, which phrase is missing from Sl. 3091. Of these Sl. 3091 and Kings 288
are easier to read. Abraham Colorno, a Jewish engineer of Mantua (fl. 1578-1598),
translated it into Italian. Kings 288 includes some phrases which are missing from Harley
3981, so the former is probably not a direct ancestor of the latter. Sl. 3091 likewise has some
phrases missing from the others, and regularly replaces "Amen" with "Ainsi soit-il" (so be
it). Although Mathers felt Sl3091 "has many errors of transcription," I have generally found
it to be the most correct of the Colorno group (i.e. between Sl3091, H3981, K288, and
L1202.)

In addition, Mathers made significant use of Lansdowne 1202, even though he
pronounces it "more concise in style." Its title page reads: "LES VRAIS CLAVICULES DU
ROI SALOMON PAR ARMADEL." The wording in Lans. 1202 often coincides exactly
with the Colorno manuscripts, which convinces me that it was based mainly on a Colorno
ancestor. However the frequent deviations and elisions suggest to me that the editor was
trying to make a more concise and readable edition, which of course makes its authority less
reliable. Lans. 1202 displays simple mistakes in some of the Latin passages. It also regularly
replaces "Amen" with "Ainsi soit-il". Where K288 differs from H3981, L1202 generally
seems to follow the latter. Where Sl3091 differs from the others, L1202 generally follows it.
However, L1202 can't be a direct ancestor of Sl3091 since it contains elements missing from
the latter, such as the missing Psalm and "Anefeneton" from book 2 chapter 17. Nonetheless,
it is safe to say that L1202 is derived from a closely related manuscript.

http://www.esotericarchives.com/solomon/ksol2.htm#chap17
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=682&letter=C

Page 66

CHAIOTH HA-QADESH, AUPHANIM, ARALIM,
CHASHMALIM, SERAPHIM, MALACHIM, ELOHIM, BENI
ELOHIM, KERUBIM, and ISHIM; and by, and in the sacred name
of twelve letters of which each letter is the name of an angel, and the
letters of the name are ALEPH, BETH, BETH, NUN, VAU, RESH,
VAU, CHETH, HE, QOPH, DALETH, SHIN.6

10862. Compare
with a Jewish
mortuary charm
published in J.A.
Montgomery
Aramaic
Incantation Texts
from Nippur,
(Philadelphia,
1913): "With the
Wand of Moses
and the Plate of
Aaron and the
Seal of Solomon
and the Shield of
David and the
Mitre of the
Chief Priest I
perform the
spell." Cited by
Raya Shani in "A
Judeo-Persian
Talismanic
Textile" in
Irano-Judaica IV
(Jerusalem: 1999,
p. 254). -JHP

6. Which letters I
have, with much
care, corrected,
for in the MSS.
the letters are
jumbled together
in hopeless
confusion, Seym
is written for
Shin, Res for
Beth, etc. The
name is Ab, Ben,
Ve-Ruach, Ha-
Qadesch, Father,
Son, and Holy
spirit. There are
two other names
of twelve letters
frequently
employed,
HQDVSh BRVK
HVA, holy and
blessed be he;
and ADNI
HMLK NAMN,
the Lord, the
faithful king;
besides other
forms. -SLM

Again, M276
seems to have the

Page 67

most reliable
reading: "he sin
daled caph he
ched uau bed,
nun nayn beld
aleph"; H3981:
"Ha, Hé, Seym,
Daled, Coph, He,
Thath, vau, Res,
nem Jod, Zuin,
Res, Aleph";
K288: "Ha, Hé,
Saym, Daleth,
Coph, He, Thet,
vau, Res, Nun,
Jod, Zayn, Res,
Aleph". -JHP

By these names therefore, and by all the other holy names, we
conjure ye and we exorcise ye; by the angel ZECHIEL; by the angel
DUCHIEL; by the angel DONACHIEL; and by the great angel
METATRON, who is the prince of the angels, and introduceth the
souls before the face of God; and by the angel SANGARIEL, by
whom the portals of Heaven are guarded; and by the angel KERUB,
who was made the guardian of the terrestrial paradise, with a sword
of flame, after the expulsion of Adam our forefather; and by the
angel MICHAEL by whom ye were hurled down from the height of
the THRONE into the depth of the lake and of the abyss, the same
name meaning, 'who is like God upon Earth;' and by the angel
ANIEL; and by the angel OPHIEL; and by the angel BEDALIEL;
wherefore, by these and by all the other holy names of the angels, we
powerfully conjure and exorcise ye, that ye come from all parts of
the world immediately, and without any delay, to perform our will
and demands, obeying us quickly and courteously, and that ye come
by the name and in the name of ALEPH, DALETH, NUN, IOD, for
we exorcise ye anew by the application of these letters, by whose
power burning fire is quenched, and the whole Universe trembleth.
We constrain ye yet again by the seal of the Sun which is the word of
God; and by the seal of the Moon and of the stars we bind ye; and by
the other animals and creatures which are in Heaven, by whose
wings Heaven cleanseth itself, we force and attract ye imperiously to
execute our will without failure.

And we conjure, oblige, and terribly exorcise ye, that ye draw near
unto us without delay and without fear, as far as is possible unto ye,
here before this circle, as supplicants gently and with discretion, to
accomplish our will in all and through all. If ye come promptly and
voluntarily, ye shall inhale our perfumes, and our suffumigations of
pleasant odour, which will be both agreeable and delightful unto ye.
Furthermore ye will see the symbol of your creator, and the names of

Aub24 resumes
at this point.
-JHP

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