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TitleThe Midnight Cry! - May 2, 1844
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V O L . V I . — N O ; J 6 , NEW-YORE, THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1844. W H O L E N O . 1 2 1 .
W r i t e the vismn, and make it plain tfpdn table,, that he May run that readeth it. For the vision is yet far an appo.nted time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie ; t h o n g l l ^ ^ ^

it will surely come, it will not tarry. " , t a u s e

JOSHUA V. IIIMES, P u b l i s h e r . W E E K L Y — N O - 9 S P R U C E - S T R E E T . N. SOUTHARD, E d i t o r .

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A T 9 S P R U G E - S T . i N E W-Y O R K.
T E R M S - O N E D O L L A R P E R V O L U M E OF 26 N O S .

$ 5 for Six Copies—$10 for Thirteen Copies.

" W h a t I say unto you I say unto all, Watch. ;


A T FRANKLIN H A L L , Chatham Square, three times on the
Sabbath, and on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurs-
day and Friday evenings.

A T THE CHURCH, corner of Christie and Delancev
Streets, three times on the Sabbath, and every evening
during the week, except Saturday.

ST.. LUKE'S BUILDING, corner of Grove and Hud-
son-streets, Lectures three times on the Sabbath, and
Tuesday, Thursday and Friday Evenings; prayer and
conference meeting on Wednesday evening.

MEETINGS AT BROOKLYN, in the " House of Prayer," in
Adams-street, (late Universalist Meeting House,) three
times on the Sabbath, and Monday, Tuesday, Thursday
and Friday evenings.

MEETINGS At WILLIAMSB&RCX, arb held regularly at
the Justices' Cuiirt Room, South Second St., on Sab-
bath afternoon and evening, and on Monday, Wednes
day, and Thursday evenings of each week.

The following extracts are from an introduction to an
English work, entitled " A Defence of the Personal

Reigri of Christ," &c. By Joseph Tyso. London, 1841.
Dear Brethren,—Before we enter upon the

matters in dispute, let us come to an under-
standing as to what we hold in common, and
the things wherein we differ.

I presume we all believe in Jesus Christ as
the seed of Abraham, as the son of David and
the Son of God. That he took our nature al-
though born of a virgin, that he suffered and
died for our sins, that he rose again the third
day, that he showed himself personally to some
hundreds of his followers after his resurrection;
that he ascended up to heaven in the presence
of his disciples, and is now set down at the
right hand of the throne of God, and that at
some future time he will come again personally.
And also that he will reign over the inhabitants
of the earth a thousand years 5 so that in the
true sense of the term we are all MUlenarians ;
but with this difference, we believe he will
reign personally and spiritually, and you main-
tain he will reign only spiritually. But as cus-
tom will have it so, we must use the term Mil-
ienarians to denote those who believe in the
personal reign of Christ for a thousand years ;
and Anti-millenarians for those who hold that he
will reign in a spiritual manner only, during
that period. There is nothing offensive in the
terms, they are employed merely for the sake of
distinction. Another point of difference is the
time of the second advent, and a third has re-
ference to certain events connected with it.
These three> I think, will include all the points
of difference.

N o w as to the first, it will be useless for me
to adduce proof that he will come personally at
the second advent, because this is a point on

which we are all agreed. But you believe that
he will come for " n o other purpose than the ge-
neral judgment," while we believe that he will
Come to reign and judge. Before we proceed
further in the discussion* we ought to under-
stand what is meant by his coming, and reign.
You say, you " believe in a real and actual reign
of our Lord Jesus upon the earth." (Dobbin, p.
8, 39.) But all the passages which relate to it,
you interpretate either " figuratively," " meta-
phorically," or "spiritually." And you attempt
to prove, that his coming again to reign will be
spiritual only. (Davis, p. 9. Jefferson, p. 34,
56.) But, sirs, has he ever gone away spiritu-
ally i Did he not say, " Where two or three
are gathered together in my name, there am I
in the midst of them V' And when his per-
sonal presence was about to be withdrawn from
his disciples, did he not say, " L o I am with you
alway, even to the end of the world V' Now
that which never went away, can never with
propriety be said to come again. W e are both
agreed, that at some future period he will come
again personally. W e say it will be at the
commencement of the Milennium ; and you say
it will be at the close. Now it is of little con-
sequence what ice say or what you say; but it is
of great importance to us all to regard what the
scriptures say, because from their decision there
is no appeal. The scriptures say, " h e must
reign," we all believe this : but it is worthy of
remark, that when the sacred writers speak of
his reign they never apply the terms personal
or spiritual to it; and also that when they speak
of the judgment, they never use the terms "hast,"
" general" or "final." There is however
one question which should be settled if possible
before we proceed. By what rule shall we in-
terpret the prophecies'? We think that the rule
by which God in his providence has interpreted
the predicted events relative to the first advent
may be fairly applied to those pertaining to the
second. N o w that rule, as events have shown,
was of a literal character. You cannot dispute
it, and therefore you had better adopt it, for
though it is not a rule without exception, yet the
exceptions are very few, and such as a babe in
knowledge would rarely mistake.

N o w take the prophecies which relate to the
first advent, and apply the literal rule of inter-
pretation, and you will at once perceive that
they are all perfectly intelligible. There is not
a question about their meaning. For example:
the spirit of prophecy announced the Messiah
as the seed of the woman, Gen. 3 : IS. Gal. 4 :
4. As the seed of Abraham, Gen. 12 : 3. Ga.l.
3 : 16. Of the tribe of Judah, Gen. 49 : 8—10.
Heb. 7 : 14. Of the family of David, n. Sam.
7 : 13—16. Isa. 9 : 6, 7. Luke 2: 4. That he
should be born of a virgin, Isa. 7 : 14. Mat. 1:
23. That his birth-place should be Bethlehem,
Mic. 5 : 2. Luke 2 : 15, 16. That he should
be called out of Egypt, Hos. l l : 1. Mat. 2 :
15. The same spirit of prophecy described his
mean appearance and poverty, Isa. 53 : 2, 3.
Mat. 2: 23. The scene of his ministry, Isa. 9 :
1, 2. Mat. 4 : 1-6—16. It also foretold his pa-

rabolic language, Psa. 7S : 2. Mat. 21 : 4.
The spirit by which he spake, Isa. 61 : 1.
Luke 4: IS—21. His miracles, Isa. 53 : 4. Mat.
8 : 17. His quiet deportment. Isa. 42 : 1—4.
Mat. 12 : 17. His public entry into Jerusalem,
Zech. 9 : 9. Mat. 21 : 4. The beast on which
he rode, Zech. 9 : 9. Mat. 21 : 5—7. The
shout of the people, Zech. 9 : 9. Mat. 21 : 9.
Also the circumstances of his sufferings and
death, through the treachery of one of h?s com-
panions, Psa. 55 : 13. Mat. 26 : 25. The
amount of blood money, (thirty pieces of silver )
Zech. 11 : 12. Mat. 27 : 3. The use to which
it was appropriated, Zech. 11: 13. Mat. 2 7 : 7.
His being apprehended by armed men, Zech
13 : 7. Mat. 26 : 47, 55. And smitten on his
trial, Mic. 5 : 1. Mat. 2 8 : 30. The vinegar
and gall given him to drink, Psa. 69 : 21. John
19 : 27. His dying words, Psa. 22 : 1. Mat.
2 7 : 46. The piercing of his hands and
his feet, Psa. 22 : 16. John 19 : 18. That his
bones should not be broken, Exod . 12 : 46.
John 19 : 33. His being numbered with trans-
gressors, Isa. 53 : 12. Luke 22 : 37. The di-
viding ofhis garments, Psa. 22 : 18. John 19 :
23. The casting lots upon his vesture, Psa. 22 :
18. John 19: 24. That his grave should be
with the rich, Isa. 53 : 9. Mat. 27 : 57. The
resurrection o fhis body, Psa. 16 : lO., Mat. 28 :
7. And his ascension into heaven, Psa. 68 • 18
Mat. 16 : 19;

All these prophecies have been literally ful-
filled: which circumstance illustrates the rule of
interpretation. Now, brethren, let your inter-
preters of the prophecies apply this rule to the
events of his second coming, which the writers
of the Nevv Testament have recognized with
respect to his first : then instead of supposing he
is comirig only to judgment, they will perceive
also that he is coming a second time unto salva-
tion, and to take to himself his great power and
reign : with these things in view, they will as-
sume their appropriate Christian attitude,
" Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious
appearing of the great God and our Saviour
Jesus Christ." But let them apply their meta-
phorical rule of interpretation to the events
foretold, respecting the first advent, and the
world will laugh at their folly; and the church
be bathed in tears at their apostacy. For they
would evidently deny, " that Jesus Christ is
come in the flesh." " A n d every spirit that
confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the
flesh, is not of G o d : and this is that spirit of
Anti-Christ, whereof ye have heard that it
should come, and even now already is in the
w o r l d , " 1 John 4 : 3. It appears to m e , that
the unfulfilled prophecies, are as intelligible
now, as those that are fulfilled were before
their accomplishment. And that we have only
to adopt the same rule of interpretation to un-
derstand those which are future, as is applica-
ble to those which are past.

The rule which I have endeavored to estab-
lish, is general, though as I have said, not with-
out exceptions, but these are very few, and not
liable to misconstruction. But alas for the An-

32 C>

Page 2

ti-millenarians, they take the exception for the
rule, and the rule for the exception !

The following are some of the exceptions;
" The stone which the builders refused, Psa.
118. Mat. 21: 24 : " Behold I lay in Zion for
a foundation a stone," Isa. 28 : 16. i Pet. 2 : 6.
Behold " I will send my messenger," Mai. 3: 1,
4 : 5. Mat. 11: 14. I never knew even a babe
in Christ mistake the two former ; and as to the
latter, Jesus himself interpreted it, as referring
to John the Baptist. I think it was verified ty-
pically in John who came in tbe spirit and
power of Elijah, at the first advent; and will
be literally fulfilled by Elijah in person at the
second advent of Christ.

N o w permit me to adduce two examples res-
pecting the site of predicted events, one of
which took place at the first advent; and tbe
other will take place at tbe second : namely, the
place of Messiah's birth ; and the place of his

The prediction which relates to his birth was
not given in the plainest terms. It was not said
the Messiah shall be born in Bethlehem,—"But
thou Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little
among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee
shall he come forth unto me, that is to be the
ruler of my people Israel," Mic. v. 2. Yet this
was understood by the chief priests and scribes,
before it was accomplished. Wheu Herod de-
manded of them where Christ should be born,
they said, in Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it is
written by the prophet, " And thou Bethlehem
in the land of Juda," &c. Mat. 2: 5, 6. Though
the chief priests and scribes understood this pro-
phecy of Micah, there was one of Zechariah 9 :
9, equally plain, which was not understood by
the disciples, even when literally fulfilled before
their eyes. " Zion, behold thy king cometh unto
thee, riding upon an ass, even upon k colt tbe
foal of an ass. These things understood not the
disciples at the first, but when Jesus was glori-
fied, then remembered they that these things
were written of him, and that they had done,
these things unto him," John 12 : 16. Micah
only among the prophets foretold the place of
Christ's birth; but many of them gave testimony
to the place of his reign. The divine Father
says, " I have set my king upon my holy hill of
Zion : rule thou in the midst of thine ene-
mies," Psa. 2 : 6. 110 : 2. Isaiah says, " I s a w
the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted
up, and his train filled the temple ; and the
whole earth was filled with his glory, 6 : 1 ,3 .
This was a vision of Christ in his regal dignity,
such as he will actually display in tbe Millenni-
um. Isaiah also informs us that his government
shall be " upon the throne of David, and upon
his kingdom. The accomplishment is certain, for
he adds, " T h e zeal of the Lord of hosts will
perform this." H e farther assures us, " In mercy
shall the throne be established ; and he shall sit
upon it in truth, in the tabernacle of David,
judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting
righteousness," Isa. 16 : 5. The angel G-abriel
confirmed this statement in his address to the
Virgin Mary. " He shall be great and shall be
called the Son of the highest; and the Lord
God shall give unto him the throne of his fa-
ther David: and he shall reign over the house
of Jacob for ever ; and of his kingdom there
shall be no end," Luke 1: 32, 33. Isaiah assures
us also that the " Lord of hosts shall reign in
Mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his an-
cients gloriously," 24 : 23. Jeremiah gives his
testimony to the same fact, saying, " They shall
call Jerusalem the throne of the Lord, and all
nations shall be gathered unto it, to the name of
the Lord to Jerusalem," 3 : 17. Ezekiel saw
the glory of the Lord returning to the temple,—
" and the glory of the Lord filled the house."


And he said, " I heard liim speaking to me out
of the house ; and H E said unto me, son of
man, this is the place of my throne, and the place
of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the
midst of the children of Israel for ever," 43 : 6,
7. Now, though the place of Christ's reign is
more clearly pointed out, than the place of his
birth, and the fact established by more than two
or three of the inspired witnesses, with the God
of truth at their head ; yet there are many peo-
ple, yea and ministers of religion that do not
see i t ! ! ! On what principles can it be ac-
counted for, except that a predilection for mys-
tical interpretation has blinded their minds, lest
the light of the glad tidings of the reign should
shine unto them 1

All the above passages show that the seat of
government will be local, and imply that the
king will conduct it personally ; and why not,
seeing he is a person ? You readily believe that
Jesus Christ came down from heaven to suffer
all manner of reproach and ignominy ; and at
length was made a curse that we might be saved
from sin, and raised to heaven, and all this with
out any disgrace; but on the contrary, to his im-
mortal honour; and yet you assert that for him
to come here to reign, having all the inhabitants
of heaven and earth subject to him, would be
" a second humiliation," " something unworthy
of him," " a degradation." Brethren, is this
consistent 1

Let us now with a teachable spirit apply our
minds to those prophecies which relate to our
blessed Lord. It was foretold that he should be
a prophet like Moses, a priest like Melchisedec,
and a king like David. He performed his pro-
phetical office personally on earth, in the days of
his humiliation. H e executed his priestly of-
fice personally on eaitb, when he offered Up
himself without spot to God ; and he carries it
on personally now, in the presence of God, in
the holy place not made with hands, and shall
he not execute his kingly office personally ? He
is now gone into a far country, that is to heaven,
to receive for himself a kingdom and to return.
H e will return when the seventh angel sounds
his trumpet. Then there will be great voices
in heaven saying, " the kingdoms of this world
are become the kingdoms of our Lord and of
his Christ," Rev. 11: 15. Then all the inhabi-
tants of heaven will adore him, " saying, we
give thee thanks because thou hast taken to thee
thy great power and hast reigned." At the
present time Jesus is personally seated on his
Father's throne, where he will remain until the
restitution of all things, when the Father will
send him again, Acts 3: 20. It was his bodily
presence that wfent away from his disciples at
his ascension on the mount of Olives, and that
same Jesus that they had seen go up into heaven
the angels assured them " should so come again
in like manner." Not a changed Jesus, as Dr.
Urwick asserts, but the same, returning in the
same manner as lie went up. There is as strong
objection in the christian church to his comin
in personal glory to reign, as there was in the
Jewish church, to his personal humiliation and
sufferings. There are pious* christians who
glory in Christ crucified, yet they cannot bear
the thought ofhis reigning over them personally.
It is an astounding fact, but it must be told, they
will not have this man to reign over them. Many
christians pray that he may come and reign uni-
versally by his spirit; but they object with all
their might to his coming personally. It is this
crucified man they will not have to reign over
them, even though it has " pleased the Father
that in him should all fulness dwell," and he is
the " express image of his person," yet they do
not want to see him. They had rather he

! should reign by deputy (that is by his spirit)

than in person. I think we and our brethren
who differ from us are, unanimously, agreed
as to the spiritual part of his reign. Let
us then not suppose a difference of opinion
where none exists. Let us rather try to narrow
the breach between us. Then go simply to the j
sacred scriptures as little children, and as such j
eceive the doctrine of the kingdom or reign of

Christ. I will now adduce those scriptures
which convince me that it will be personal, and
I shall be glad to see those scriptures by which
my opponents would prove that it will be only

My first proof that tbe reign will be personal,
is a promise which God confirmed with an oath,
" The Lord hath sworn in truth unto David : he
will not turn from it, of the fruit of thy body
will I set upon thy throne." Psa. 132: 11.
The comment of the apostle upon it, is this,
" That being a prophet and knowing that God
had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit
of his loins according to the flesh he would raise
up Christ to sit upon his throne, he seeing this
before he spoke of the resurrection of Chiist."
Acts 2 : 30. It is evident therefore that it was
not intended that he should reign until after his j
resurrection, and the time is not yet come. It j
is evident that the fruit of the loins according to
the flesh, is tbe humanity of Christ, that it was
the very person that was crucified between two
thieves—who died, rose again, and ascended,
and who is now in heaven. This person did
not sit upon his Father David's throne before his
death; as has just been proved. Tbe apostle
then asserted his exaltation by the right hand of
God, and his having received o f the Father the
promise o f the Holy Ghost, for the confirmation
of his Messiahship, and the furtherance of the
gospel. H e then assures us that tbe promise
cited, could not relate to David, but to his seed,

For David is not yet ascended into the hea-
vens, but be saith himself, The Lord said Un-
to my Lord, sit thou at my right hand until I
make thy foes thy footstool. Therefore let all
the house of Israel know assuredly that God
hath made this same Jesus whom ye crucified
both Lord and Christ." Acts 2 : 33—36. It is
very evident that the fruit of the loins according
to the flesh, is Christ. Now this flesh cannot be
spirit, it must be the humanity of Christ which
is to sit upon the throne of David, and with this
agrees the announcement of his birth, his titles
and his government, by the prophet, Isaiah 9 :
6, 7. The seat of his government is said to be
" upon the throne of David and upon his king-
dom." It is obvious from the passage just
quoted from the Acts of the Apostles, that David j
never had a throne in heaven ; and it is equally
certain that Jesus never had a throne on earth ;
therefore the promise confirmed by an oath will
utterly fail if Christ does not sit upon the throne
of David. The same heavenly messenger who
announced his conception, predicted his reign
also; " Thou shalt call his name Jesus," (which
is the name ofhis humanity) " H e shall be great
and shall be called the Son of the highest, and
the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of
lus father David, and he shall reign over the
house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom
there shall be no end." Luke 1 : 3 2 , 3 3 . Jere-
miah bears his testimony to the same facts,
" Behold the days, saith tbe Lord, that I will
raise unto David a righteous branch, and a King
shall reign and prosper," Jer. 2 3 : 5, 6. 33: 14
—-18. These are the plain declarations of God's
messengers. Ye t men who are the disciples of
Christ, object to his personal reign, as much as
Peter did to his personal sufferings. And when-
ever the subject is mentioned, either from tbe j
pulpit or the press, the assertors of it are brand-
ed as "visionaries," and "enthusiasts;" and the

Page 3

doctrine is styled, " a dangerous heresy."
When the language of Jesus intimates that he
will come to the earth and reign, they like Peter
begin to rebuke him, saying, " be it far from
thee Lord, this shall not be done unto thee."
Thou shalt never leave thy throne of glory and
come to govern this sinful world, " that is un-
worthy of thy dignity." It would be " a second
humiliation" to reign personally on earth, "even
as the king of kings." Thus they rebuke him.
But he looks on these disciples, and virtually by
his doctrine rebukes every individual objector
as he did Peter : " Get thee behind me Satan—
thou art an offence unto me, for thou savourest
not the things that be of God, but those which
be of men." These disciples delight to preach
Christ, even the crucified, as the Saviour of sin-
ners, and they believe that he is full of grace
and truth, and they anticipate a gracious diffu-
sion of these blessings over all the eaith in the
Millennium, but they would rather have them
without his personal presence. They have no
desire to see [the " king in his beauty nor the
land far extended." They believe " there will
be a supremacy of saintly principles, nay more
of saintly persons," (Dobbin's Ser. p. 88.) but
their creed excludes the supreme person, the |
king of saints. They think that they shall be
happy without him. Some actually ridicule the
doctrine of Christ's kingdom in this world,
" Having its centre within the reconstructed
walls of a stone Jerusalem, presided over in his
own proper person by the Lord Jehovah."
(Davis's Ser. p. 14.)

There is no passage of scripture which refers
to Christ's coming to judgment or to reign,
which does not include his personal coming, and
the coming of a person always implies a place.
So when Christ comes again, he will alight on
the Mount of Olives, the very place from which
he ascended. " The Lord shall be king over
all the earth in that day," Zech. 14 : 4, 9. Some
particular city will be thQ seat of his govern-
ment. This city is pointed out much more fre-
quently and definitely, than the place of his birth.
There is much opposition from his enemies
against the Lord and against his anointed :
and from his friends against his personal reign,
but his divine Father says, " Yet have I set my
king upon my holy hill of Zion" It is also said,
" The Lord hath chosen Zion, he hath desired it
for his habitation, saying, this is my rest forever;
here will I dwell for I have desired it." The
prophet Isaiah assures us, " he shall reign in
Mount Zion and in Jerusalem,, and before his an-
cients gloriously." As the seat of his govern-
ment will be in the metropolis of Judea, it is
with propriety called the throne of the Lord,
" At that time they shall call Jerusalem the
throne of the Lord, and all nations shall be ga-
thered unto it, to the name of the Lord to Jeru-
salem" The prophet Micah also states the
same truth very expressly. " The Lord shall
reign over them in Mount Zion, from henceforth
even for ever, unto thee shall it come, even the
first dominion, the kingdom shall come to the
daughter of Zion." * * * * * * This
is he whose crucifixion was described in Psa.
22, and it is declared, " H e shall judge the peo-
ple righteously, and govern the nations upon
earth." The ascension of the king Messiah to
the throne of his father David, is the most auspi-
cious event foretold in the sacred scriptures.
All the inhabitants of the earth are called upon
to " make a loud noise, and to rejoice and to
sing praise, to make a joyful noise before the
Lord the King—Say among the heathen that the
Lord reigneth, the world also shall be establish-
ed that it shall not be moved. He shall judge
the people righteously. Let the heavens rejoice
and let the earth be glad, let the sea roar and

I the fulness thereof, Let the fields be joyful and
all that is therein, then shall all the trees of the
wood rejoice before the Lord, for he COMETH,
for lie COMETH to judge the earth, he shall judge
the world with righteousness, and the people
with his truth," Psa. 96 and 98. With this ac-
cords the language of the New Testament,
" Blessed is he that cometh -in the name of the
Lord, Hosannah in the highest," Mat. 21: 9.
When the kingdoms of this world become the
kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ, the in-
habitants of heaven burst into full chorus, say-
ing " W e give thee thanks, O Lord God Al-
mighty,—because thou hast taken to thee thy
great power and hast reigned," Rev. 11: 15—-17.

Most christians expect a larger effusion o f the
holy Spirit, yet they look for it just in the same
manner as it is given now. They have no idea
that he will pour out his Spirit on all flesh in a
miraculous manner, as he did in the apostolic
age, according to Joel 2 : 28—33. The won-
ders in the heavens and in the. earth, blood
and fire and pillars of smoke, they consider
altogether figurative and prophetic of the des-
truction of Jerusalem, As Peter did not think
it desirable to quote the latter part of the pro-
phecy, they take care not to mention it, but if it
be stated to them, they reply "Mount Zion and
Jerusalem denote the christian church." * *
* * * * p>utj if « Zion is to plowed as a
field and Jerusalem to become heaps,". Mic. 3:
12, that they say is literal, and belongs to the
Jews. * * * * * Daniel saw " in the
night visions one like the Son of man come in
the clouds of heaven, and he was brought be-
fore the Ancient of days, who gave unto him
dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all
people and nations and languages should serve
him," Dan. 7 : 13, 14. From this passage it is
evident that he will not receive the kingdom until
after his advent in the clouds of heaven. The
Father said to the Son, " sit thou at my right
hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool,"
and it cannot be proved that his session there
will extend beyond that period. He now sits
there " expecting." Expecting what 1 The
subjugation of his enemies, and that his Father
will give him the heathen for his inheritance,
and the uttermost parts of the earth for his
possession. And that the Lord God will give
unto him the throne of his father David, and
that he shall reign over the house of Jacob for
ever, Luke 1 : 32. To this view of the subject
as correct, the writers of the New Testament
give ample proof. After the tribulation which
shall immediately precede the second advent,
it is said, " Then shall appear the sign of the
Son of man in heaven, and then shall all the
tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the
Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven
with power and great glory," Mat. 2 4 : 30.
The prelude to which will be certain visible
signs, and when ye see all these things, (said
the Saviour) know that it is near, even at the
door : that is the kingdom or personal reign of
Christ, or as Luke records it—5' The kingdom
of God is nigh at hand," Luke 21 : 31. This
will be the time of Israel's redemption : for Je-
sus says, " when these things begin to come to
pass, then look up and lift up your heads, for
your redemption draweth nigh," Luke 21 : 28.
This is the period when he will come a second
time unto salvation. Jesus is gone to his Fa-
ther, to receive for himself a kingdom, in order
to return and possess it. On the theory of our
opponents the language of Jesus is at variance
with common sense. They say that his coming
to destroy Jerusalem was the great tribulation
spoken of in Mat. 24 : 21. But he himself
places his coming immediately after the tribula-
tion of those days, 5 : 29, 30, so that according to

their hypothesis, will come immediately after he
has come !

T H E F A L L O F B A B Y L O N .

Had these fearful predictions been known to the
Babylonians, they would doubtless have appeared so
improbable, that they would have been regarded with
the same unbelief and indifference as the men of this
age do commonly regard the still more fearful judg-
ments which are about to fall upon those nations men-
tioned under the expressive name of Babylon, which
have been, and are now, what Babylon once was—
persecutors of the Lord's people, both J ews and Chris-
tians. For, speaking of times yet future, it is said,
'' And G R E A T B A B Y L O N came in remembrance before
God, to give unto her the cup ofthe wine ofthe fierce-
ness of his wrath."

The heavy judgments thus uttered, and which in
their primary application have respect to Babylon of
old, were not only threatened, but. to the very letter
were executed ; although, " if ever there ivas a city
that seemed to bid defiance to any predictions of its
fall, that city was Babylon." Its walls were 300 feet
in height, 87 in breadth, and by the lowest computa-
tion 48 miles in compass. It had a hundred brazen
gates ; immense embankments to restrain the river
Euphrates,, which ran through the midst of it ; many
fertile fields ; and provisions for twenty years. " Its
beauty, strength, and grandeur ; its walls, temples,
palaces, and hanging gardens, and other embellish-
ments, are described with such pomp and magnificence
by heathen authors, that it might deservedly be reputed
one ofthe wonders of the world." It was " the glory
of kingdoms ; the beauty ofthe Chaldees' excellency;"
" the golden city ;" and, like the old world before the
deluge, or like Sodom and Gomorrah before they were
destroyed by fire, it rested in perfect security. Its
boast was, " I shall be a lady for ever 1 am,
and none else beside me ; I shall not sit as a widow,
neither shall I know the loss of children."

Nevertheless, when the time was arrived which
God by the mouth of his prophet had foretold—although
it did appear improbable ; although it was NOT B E L I E V -
ED ; although Babylon was resting in strength and
security ; and, as Daniel said to Nebuchadnezzar, in
that fatal night when the city was taken, " the God in
whose hand thy breath is and whose are all thy ways,
thou hast not glorified ;"—yet, when the seventy years
had expired, bv means of an unexampled military de-
vice of Cyrus, the threatened destruction overtook
them. So necessary is it not to judge from appearances,
or to rest in human resources, but to take the word of
God for our guide : for if Babylon, so much against
all probability, fellr what security have the nations of
Europe in their armies, their navies, and their other

fancied resources, against the equally express declara-
tions of Jehovah ?—Habershan's Works.

T H E S E V E N C H U R C H E S O F A S I A .

1. Ephesus—first,chief, desirable, i. e. the apostolic

2. Smyrna—myrrh, a sweet gum—the martyr age.
3. Pergumos—earthly, elevated—exalted age of Con-

4. Thyatira—a sweet sacrifice—martyr age, rise of

5. Sardis—that which remains—the dark age, 10th

6. Philadelphia—brotherly love—age of the reforma-

7. Laodicea—judgment of the people—age of the

judgment, the present age.
I regard the seyen churches of Asia as symbols or

types of seven ages of the Christian church, from the
time of its establishment to the second, coming of
Christ. Any other view seems to be making the
word of God of none effect, and savors too much of
German Neology.

In the above table I have given the names in their
numerical order,, and with each name, the definition
according to the Greek language, and then the applica-
tion to the several ages which they symbolize or re-
present. It will be seen that these several definitions
describe most beautifully, the several ages to which
they are applied. "Whoso readeth, let him under-

S . S . S N O W .

Page 4


T H U R S D A Y , M A Y 2 , 1 8 4 4 .

T H E EDITOR'S HEALTH is still gradually improving, but
it is not considered prudent for him to make much
mental effort till his bodily strength is more confirmed.


DISSOLUTION, BEING N O W NIGH A T HAND, is, that it is yet
in its infancy ; and we are asked, can it be possible,
ay, is it not irrational to suppose that God will de-
stroy this beautiful fabric, when its mighty energies—
its latent powers have not. been fully developed—"just
as they begin to be available for the main purposes
for which they were created." We are requested to
look at its vast resources—its immense treasures, still
concealed in the deep caverns of the earth—to glance
at the wonderful improvements now in progress, to con-
sider our railroads, canals, amd other great designs,
which have but recently been brought into requisition ;
to view our western world, but just explored, now cop-
ing with the mighty kingdoms of the old world, and
then to think, that God will so soon arrest " this tide
of successful experiment." Impossible, say ithey. But
we can find no evidence, either in scripture or
analogy, that He will not. It is true, knowledge is
not perfected, the earth is capable of providing for the
wants of man many years to come. But are these
sufficient reasons for rejecting the doctrine of the
speedy coming of Christ, and the end of the present
state of things 1 We hear of untold ages, future gene-
rations, .which are "to pass in their long successions,"
but it is all imaginary, and the thought is inspired, nei-
ther by revelation or sound reasoning. The premises
are not tenable, for it is susceptible of mathematical de-
monstration, that the earth would not be capable of sus-
taining its inhabitants, should population increase in the
same ratio as in time past, many centuries longer. But
basing our faith on the scriptures of truth, we look for
the earth's renovation, even now at hand—soon to be

Independent of the positive testimonies on this point,
the character of the several kingdoms which should
bear rule in the earth—the chains of prophetic periods,
which are fast reaching their utmost possible extension
—the signs of the times, and the many events which
are the sure precursors of the final scene. Indepen-
dent of these and many other undeniable facts which
scatter the last semblance of unbelief from our minds,
we have many collateral evidences. The earth is
cursed, thorns and thistles shall it bring forth, and
will never be restored while man inhabits frail tene-
ments of clay, to its primeval beauty ; will not again
become the garden of the Lord, while in the sweat of
his face, man shall eat his bread ; and of course, if the
arguments of our opponents are of any weight, they
will retain their strength, until the very acme of this
world's perfection is reached, and even if we admit
that that state could be attained to, would it not be an
overwhelming pity that a wreck of matter should then
ensue 1

We believe, according to the inspired text, that this
world is reserved unto fire, and that the elements shall
melt with fervent heat, the earth also, and the works
that are therein shall be burned up, dj-c. 2 Pet. 3 : 7,
10—12. But we look for the earth redeemed—The
new heavens and the new earth.—The saints' inherit
tance—The everlasting kingdom. This world will
be renovated and made new. 2 Pet. 3 : 13. Isa.
65 : 17-—19. Rev. 21 : 1, 3, 5. Will be restored to
more than Eden beauty, in the times of restitution.
Acts 3: 19—21- Eph. 1: 13, 14. Will be renewed
and become the inheritance of the saints, the wicked
shall be consumed out of the earth. Matt. 13 : 41,


43. 25 : 34. Psa. 37 : Prov. 2 : 21, 22. Zeph. 1 :
3. Mai. 4 : 1. Matt. 5 : 5 Rev. 5 : 10. Dan. 7 :
13, 14, 18, 27. Isa. 57 : 13. 60 : 21. The promi-
ses to Abraham will then be fully realised. Gen. 13 :
14, 15. 15: 7. 17: 7, 8. 26: .3, 4. 28 : 13, 14.
Gal. 3 : 7, 9, 16, 29. 4 : 28. Rom. 4 : 13, 16. 9 :
6—8. Heb. 11: 8—10: 13,16,^39, 40. Acts 7 : "4,5.
The kingdom of God will be then established, and the
King of kings will reign on David's throne forever.
Rev. 11: 15. Dan. 2 : -34,35,44. Psa. 2; 8,9. Ezek.
21 : 27. Isa. 9 : 6, 7. 24 : 23: Psa. 72: 8. 89 : 35—
37. 1 Chron. 17 : 14. Zach. 9 : 10. Luke 1: 32,
33. Acts 2 : 34, 35. Heb. 10 : 12, 13.

In the days of Noah and of Lot, they planted and
builded, and pursued their avocations with untiring ac-
tivity ; they dreamed of days to come, and the comple-
tion of many works of art and improvements, the ad-
vancement of science, and all the various pursuits of
man. Yet judgment was executed. Well, even so
shall it be, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from
heaven with his mighty angels, S,-c. When H e cometh
to reward every man according to his works. I f the
argument is good, that this world is in its infancy, and
therefore its present organization cannot be changed—
when six thousand years have pursued their tardy and
disastrous course, with what force the antediluvians
could have reasoned, when only a few centuries had
elapsed, against the threatenings that the world,
that then was, should be overflowed with water,
and perish, (2 Peter 3 : 6 . ) A great physical change
did then take place,—the structure of the earth was in
a great degree altered. But the world was not then
renovated, to become a dwelling place of righteousness,
as it will be now. We too " believe that this world is
only in its infancy. Yes, more,—it is in embryo, now
especially struggling to be born out of its darkness in-
to eternal day."

We see in the retrospect, that God has not consult-
ed the purposes of man. He has arrested the opera-
tions ofthe past; thwarted by his providences arrange-
ments man had made for the future. In regard to the
duration of the present state of things, we firmly be-
lieve they will not long continue—the desolations of anti-
Christian powers will soon cease forever. Tfie fifth
universal kingdom will be soon established, its dura-
tion shall be eternal without end, or decline. The
time is appointed, and at the time appointed, the demo-
lition of all that is opposed to Christ, will be accom-
plished. We wait for that event, and from our inmost
souls, we pray, "thy kingdom come." Our sympathies
are with another and a more glorious inheritance—the
earth made new, the restoration we most earnestly de-
sire. Here is no rest ; we are subject to comforts as
also to tribulation, but we covet the saint's abode, to be
exempted from the frailties and vicissitudes which at-
tend us here, to be clothed with immortality, and en-
joy the blessedness pf that land of rest—the pilgrim's
long sought home. T.

L I F E F R O M T H E D E A D , N O . 5 .
If the doctrine of the Second Advent near, is not the

only hope of the true Israel at the present time, we
would enquire with anxiety and reference, what is
that hope 1 And where shall it be found 1 From the
confessions and complaints, pf the various organs of
the nominal churches, we learn that there is among
them, a great destitution of spirituality and living faith.
If we enquire first of the mother of these organizations,
( although she is outwardly speaking great words, and
endeavouring to compass sea and land, to make pros-
elytes,) she admits, that she is obliged to tolerate
heresy, and permit the most crafty enemies of the
truth, to range far and wide, without being able to take
cognizance of their infidelity. She also laments these
sad times of departure from the salutary discipline of
her former institutions. We next come to the first

seceders from her infallibility, who profess to retain j
the sacred lineage of the priesthood, in its only pure j
succession and healthful usages; but to reject the I
errors and abuse, which have crept in unawares,
through the dotage of the mother. These however,
having now attained more mature years, perceive most
of their derelictions from the paternal wisdom, and are
divided in council, one part desiring to return and the
other still unreconciled. In this state of perplexity and
disunion, their pious teachers mourn a neutralizing
spirit, which destroys the vitality of all prospective re- j
form. From these we have various branches of the ,
same family, each professing to reject former errors,
and to return to the purity and simplicity of the scrip-
tures. But in their turn, they are again divided and
subdivided, disquieted, and distracted, with questions
that gender strifes, seeking the home of worldly wis- i
dom, dissatisfied with themselves and each other, and I
engaged in uncompromising and endless controversy, i
The more consistent and evangelical of their teachers ;
lament the fearful state of the professing church, and
acknowledge its worldliness, party spirit, and general
declension. The most sanguine, in the expectation of
the world's conversion by the church, have lost much
of their confidence, and are compelled at least, to defer
it for many years. The revivals, which have through
the agency ofthe Holy Spirit, arrested and awakened i
the dormant energies of the churches, at intervals for j
the last half century, seem passing away. Their re-
storing influence has been nullified, by the worldliness
and sloth of professors, and the stupor of the Laodicean !
sleep now effectually enchains them. This is indeed
but a pencil sketch of the fearful reality, as deduced \
from late moral, benevolent and ecclesiastical records.
We would then repeat our enquiry if the Master come
not speedily, where is the hope ofhis true Israel T We
are driven to the conclusion, that it is not in the so
called churches of the present day- It is not in their
forms and ceremonies, nor the idols which they rever-
ence, neither is it in their theological seminaries, their
popular clergy and magnificent chapels. Though the
most laboured disquisitions and surpassing eloquence ;
combine in proclaiming " peace apd safety ;." we dare
not rest, when the Lord assures ps by his word, that
" sudden destruction cometh." Human creeds are
multitudinous and conflicting, and inany despairingly
enquire, who will shew us any good 1 The " little
flock" of Christ is scattered in this dark and cloudy
day, and repair to broken cisterns that hold no water ;
and find that those in whom they have trusted, are
unstable reeds. In this time of peril, the weary pilgrim
cries, " how long, O Lord, wilt THOU not come and save
us!" and we are assnred, that though he has borne long
with them, yet He W I L L COME and avenge them right
speedily ; although at the time of his coming, faith re-
specting i.t, will scarcely be found on the earth. It is
well for us to take good heed to the sure word of j
prophecy, wfiich as a lamp illuminates these last days
of darkness. From it we find that there will be a short
time immediately preceding the second coming of
Christ, when the vision will seem to tarry, and we are
instructed to W A I T for it, and not fear ; because it will
surely come, and not fail', for at the time appointed,
( or made known to us.) the end shall be. It also dis-
tinctly declares, that some will say, " every vision
faileth, and the days are prolonged ;" and that even |
the virgins who have gone out without the churches to j
meet him at this midnight hour, will grow weary while
the Bridegroom tarries, and fall asleep, respecting the
certainty of his approach, and half of them will be so
far engrossed in the charms of worldliness and sin, j
that the yvvill lose their faith in the Lord's coming, and j
be at last unprepared to go in with him to the marriage.
The only hope then of the true Israel is, that the
Lord himself will come, and come quickly. We know










Page 5


that this hope cannot fail, for it lays hold of the
pledge of the Eternal; and is sure as the change-
less councils of his will. W e feel that the suffer-
ings and contempt of these closing hours are not
worthy to be compared with the glory that shall short-
ly be revealed, for which the earnest expectation of the
creature waiteth to be delivered from the bondage of
corruption. The whole creation groaneth and tra-
vaileth, and we ourselves also, waiting for the redemp-
tion ofthe body. But we are saved by hope, but hope
that is SEEN, is not hope ; for what a man seeth, why
doth he yet hope for 1 but if we hope for that we see
not, then do we with patience W A I T for it. The dawn-
ing of the sun of righteousness already warms many
hearts who love this precious hope, and having its abi-

I ding power, they seek to purify themselves even as He
is pure. Their single devotion to this hope leads them
to enquire diligently, " who may abide the day of his
coming; and who shall stand when he appeareth?"
They seek and love the TRUTH with regard to the ne-
cessary preparation. They ask earnestly in faith for
divine guidance, and the Spirit helpeth their infirmities,
and leadeth them into all truth ; by which they are
sanctified and enabled to perceive the things of Christ,
which the Comforter freely sheweth unto them. They
return to the simplicity and reality of his teachings,
and experience the confidence and joy of early Chris-
tians, who were " full of faith and the Holy Ghost;"
they know for themselves that they are led and kept
by the power of God through faith, unto salvation ;
" for he is faithful who has promised, who also will do
it." Though such confidence is regarded as fanati-
cism and presumption, by the professing world : yet
true Adventists are willing to trust every word which
the Lord hath spoken, and be counted as fools, and of
no reputation : that they may win Christ and a part in
the glory of his coming kingdom. c. s. M.


A N N I V E R S A R Y W E E K I N N E W - Y O R K .
Providence permitting, there will be a general confe-

rence of believers in the speedy personal adyent of our
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, at the church corner of
Christie and Delancy sts , in the evenings, and at Frank-
lin Hall, Chatham Square, through the day. Lectures
each day at 2 1-2 and 7 1-2 P. M. Conference and Bible
Class at 10 A. M., to commenop on Monday, May 6, and
continue through the week.

Brn. Miller, Galusha, and those of the Advent lecturers
who can attend, are expected to be present.

N. B.—Meetings will be held in Philadelphia and Bos-
ton the two following weeks. Particular notice hereafter.

DEAR B R O . TULLOCK ; — I have just arrived at Bro.

Miller's, and commence a meeting to-moriow, at the
Baptist meeting house, and continue over the Sabbath.
Iam happy to find Bro. Miller and his family well. He
is in good spirits, and is full of faith, and is looking for
the coming of Christ as the next event, and that event at
the very door. His family are also with him, watching
daily for the coming of the Lord.

Providence permitting, Bro. Miller will be with us at
the anniversaries in New York, Philadelphia, and Boston.
These will be very important meetings, and our brethren
who can find it convenient, especially the Jectnrers, who
have borne the heat and burden of the day, will do well
to attend these meetings. It is now a time of trial, and
it is necessary for all the friends of the cause lo meet,
and to counsel, and encourage one another, while time

I find the brethren in this region strong in the faith,
and determined in the strength of God to hold on their
way, and endure to the end. Many of them from all
classes have been obliged to leave their old associations,
and unite together to sustain the Advent cause.

I have recently visited the brethren in several places
in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. In Lowell, we
had a glorious meeting. Eld. T. Cole is laboring there
with good success. Brethren are united and steadfast.

Haverhill.—The brethren in this town have come
together, and put up a cheap house, where they meet in
harmony. Bro. Plummer is laboring with them with

New Bedford.—There are a goodly number who meet
at the Hall, 19 Cheapside, and are prospering. In Exe-
ter, N. H., we had a conference a few weeks since,
which was well attended. I have been present at many
meetings, but none more interesting than this. The
Lord was with us indeed. Brethren strong and deter-
mined to maintain the faith till Christ shall appear. I
gave lectures in all these places to full and deeply atten-
tive audiences. On my way to this place, I gave one
lecture in Albany, at the " House of Prayer." The
main body of the believers are united, and devoted as
ever. But they have had some trouble of late by a
" wolf" who came in among them in "sheep's clothing."
God has delivered them, and I trust they will be so
guarded hereafter that they will avoid such evils. Some
men who have nothing to lose, profess almost anything in
these days, to raise a party to sustain them in their mis-
chievous designs. Men that profess to be reformers,
ought to have some semblance of moral character.

I go to Meredith, N. H., next week to hold a confer-
ence. We shall no doubt have a good gathering, and
I trust the Lord will be with us.

The cause in Boston is in a prosperous state. We
have had severe trials, but out of them all God has deli-
vered us. Although they injured the cause for a time, I
think they will work for our good. Bro Jones is now
with the brethren, and is very acceptable and useful.

Yours, J. V. HIMES.
Low Hampton, N. Y , April 26, 1844.

L E T T E R F R O M B R O . W . S T C A R T .

N O R F O L K , YA . April 19th, 1844.
Dear Bro. Southard,—Bro. Freeman and myself

left Philadelphia, on Thursday, the 11th inst., and ar-
rived at Baltimore same evening, distributing on our
way papers and tracts to such of our fellow passengers
in the cars, as were willing to receive them. At Bal-
timore we met with Bro. Chandler, on his return from
Charleston, S. C., via. Richmond and Norfolk, Va. It
was our purpose to go directly to Washington and
Richmond, but were persuaded by Bro. C. to come
to this place, to strengthen and encourage the brethren
here. Accordingly, we left Baltimore on Friday eve-
ning, and arrived here the following ( Saturday,) morn-
ing; where we were cordially and affectionately re-
ceived, by the little Adventband here collected together.
W e have laboured with much success here, and also in
Portsmouth, which is directly opposite, and the breth-
ren and sisters seem to be greatly strengthened and
encouraged, and some that were doubting have been
confirmed in the truth. The Advent brethren here, have
handed themselves together, numbering at least thirty,
firmly established in the faith and in the hope ofthe ap-
pearing and kingdom of our Lord. This little band of
believers has met with much opposition, and even perse-
cution, so much so that many are coming out of the
nominal churches. Bro. Clayton, the M. P. minister
of this place, has fully embraced the doctrine of the
speedy Advent, and is now boldly declaring this truth
to the people.

Bro. Freeman left here yesterdy morning for Rich-
mond, with a view to scatter papers and tracts, and if
possible prepare the way for the preaching of the
truth—for which city I shall also leave. Providence
permitting, on Tuesday morning next.

Yours in the blessed hope. W . S T U A R T .

L E T T E R F R O M B R O . L E N F E S T ,


WARREN, Baltimore Co., Md., April 22.
Dear Bro. Tullock,—I take this opportunity to ad-

dress a few lines to you to inform you of my continued
health and prosperity, and of my doings since I
saw you. I arrived in "the city of brotherly love" in
safety the day after leaving New York, and met with a
kind reception from the friends of the cause in that
place. After supplying the shipping of that port with
publications, I took my departure for Baltimore, being

helped forward on my journey by the dear brethren in
Philadelphia, for which care of me and for the cause,
may the Lord reward them. In Baltimore the brethren
gave me a cordial reception, and I was enabled to
supply the shipping of that port also, making about
1000 vessels that the friends of the cause enabled me
to supply, and my prayer is that good may be done in
the name of the Lord. I had thought, owing to ill
health, to return to the north, after having supplied the
shipping. But the way being opened for me to come
out to this place, I thought it my duty to accept the
invitation, as they were anxious to hear something on
the subject of the speedy coming of the Lord. I ar-
rived last Monday evening, and lectured in the church
to a large and attentive congregation. But in the
course of my remarks, happening to quote some Scrip-
ture, I so offended some of the powers that be, that
they at once came to the very Christian-like determi-
nation that I should henceforth speak no more in that
name in their church, although I taught them "none
other things than what Moses and the prophets did say
should come." However, as they shut one door, the
Lord opened another, and I gave notice that there
would be lectures the remainder of the week, for "the
common people heard me gladly." The next morning
I visited and supplied with publications about 50 fami-
lies, and found that there was a desire to hear and
read on the subject. In the evening, notwithstanding
the opposition of the minister and the ruling men I
had a room full, and a great many outside that were
unable to get in. I have continued the meetings every
evening, and the interest is increasing. God has
blessed his word to the good of souls ; and now the
most influential men in the place openly espouse the
cause, and the whole place seems shaken. The peo-
ple come in from the country five or six miles to hear
and receive publications, and the way is now open to
go further into the country. I think I have never seen
more interest manifested in the cause than is mani-
fested by the people in this section of country. The
fact is, they have heard but very little about this doc-
trine, except the false reports that have been circulated
about so freely by the King's enemies, and now when
they come to view it, as it really is, the pure word §f
God, they are astonished, and say that it cannot be
overthrown without denying the Bible.

Yours in the blessed hope, J A M E S L E N F E S T .

M A C O M B , M C D O N O U G H Co.,III.—Sister S.Mitchell
writes : "There are quite a number here who are look-
ing for, andjthat love the appearing of our blessed Lord
Previous to Feb. 1843 we were ignorant of the views
and doctrines taught by those that believe in the
speedy coming of Christ. At that time there were
several copies of the 'Mjdnight Cry' sent gratuitously
to the Post Office, of which my father was the Post
Master. W e examined them—our neighbors exam-
ined them—we were surprised, then convinced that
the doctrines taught by the Adventists were founded
on the Bible, the 'sure word of prophecy.'

"For a few months past we have been favored with
the labors of Bio. Young, the Protestant Methodist
preacher on this circuit. He preaches the coming of
Christ at the door. Eld. Barger, the presiding efder
of the Methodist Episcopal church, is sounding the
midnight cry. We were recently cheered with a visit
from Bro. W . W . Nelson, that meek and lowly fol-
lower of Jesus. He lectured in this vicinity several
times. The effect was, the friends ofthe Second Ad-
vent cause were encouraged, and the prejudice of
many individuals was lessened. May the Lord reward
him for his labor of love. He has left for Hancock
Co. He was the only lecturer we ever had the pleas-
ure of seeing, although Brn. Chittenden and Stevens
came within eighteen miles of us."

BRO, J. R. GATES—We have received a letter from
Bro. Gates, from Philadelphia. He has been lectur-
ing in that city, at the Museum, Church in Juliania St.
and at the Hall in Market St. On Friday last he left
for Baltimore.

H P Bro. Preble was in Albany last week lecturing
at the " House of Prayer." He"bas left for the west!

Queen Elizabeth is reported to have said, " The
skill of a pilot is best known in a storm ; the valor of
a soldier, on the field of battle; and the worth of a
christian, in the time of trial."

" Never desire to be singularly commended or be-
loved, for that appertained only unto God, who hath
none like unto himself."—Kempis.

_ _ _ _ _ _ 333

Page 6

MicUiqkTCru, Mav?*, WW f 0
L E T T E R F R O M B R O . W . D. COOK.


Those ol' our readers who are at all acquainted with
the protracted controversies and discordant theories
which have been called forth in order to meet the diffi-
culties which gather around the great chronological
points of Scripture history, will, without doubt, agree
with us, that it is hardly worth the while now to enter
upon the discussion of these exhausted, and, we may say,
settled questions. They will also see at once the difficulties
which must arise in attempting to sustain the argument
of Bro. C. before the church and the world. We insert
the letter for the gratification of our readers. Whatever
they may think ofthe argument, the character ofthe let-
ter will be a sufficient apology for its insertion. And we
must say that we are gratified with any exhibition of a
scripture question which goes to show that God has com-
pleted his own work, or that the Bible in so important a
case explains .itself.

We would also inform our readers that the same wri-
ter has furnished a Bible chronology of the world, which
harmonizes with his views of the seventy weeks, and
which agrees in the result with our published chronology,
which, if time permits, we may give to our readers.

SODUS POINT, N. Y . , April 6 , 1 8 4 4 .
jDear Bro.,—The date of the commencement

of the seventy weeks being, according to the belief of
Adventists, identical with that of the vision ofthe 8th of
Daniel, is a point of very great importance to be correctly
decided. Scott, (note Dan. 8th,) in common with other
commentators, has acknowledged that it is " a difficult
point to determine." The opinion, however, of the
"world" of commentators, I believe, is divided between
the 7th and 20th years of Artaxerxes.

To my mind, the difficulty in the case since the unseal-
inf of the vision is not so much intrinsic as accidental.
In°times past we have relied upon the labors of former
commentators almost entirely, and thus while sailing in
the "chop-sea"' of man-made comments and chronologies,
having relinquished the infallible guidance of the word of
God. it is not remarkable that the agitation and contradic-
t in should be extreme, and the result unsatisfactory.

For this cause in applying my mind to the investiga-
tion of this subject, it has been my effort as far as possi-
ble, to forget that an Usher has (in the opinion of the
world) decided the question of chronology beyond contro-
versy; and that a Scott,a Newton, or a Clarke have writ-
ten a word upon the subject.

With these few preliminary remarks, I will enter
immediately upon the consideration of the 25th verse
of the 9th chapter of Daniel : " Know therefore
and understand, that from the going forth of the com-
mandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto
the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and
three score and two weeks : the street shall be built
a^ain, and the wall, even in troublous times." Here
the language of the angel commanding Daniel to "know"
impties*°that the question of time, as to its commence-
ment, continuance and termination, might be cer-
tainly ascertained. I repeat, the question of TIME, not
of fact, for this (the time) is the great subject of this
chapter. As we learn from the 2d and 19th verses,
Daniel was evidently laboring under the mistake that the
2300 days were a part of the 70 years, and he had be-
come jealous for the honor of God, lest his word
should appear to fail : therefore, he said in his prayer, in
the 19th verse, "Defer not (let not the time pass) for thine
own sake, 0 my God, for thy city and thy people are
called by thy name." To correct this mistake then, the
an"el was sent to him. Leaving out the words supplied
by the translators, it will read thus : " Know therefore
and understand. From the going forth of the command-
ment to restore (what had been carried away from Jeru-
salem) and to build Jerusalem, unto the Messiah the
Prince, seven weeks, and three score and two weeks."
&c. In the preceding verse the length of a certain period
for the accomplishment of certain purposes is given, but
in this verse the angel specifies a certain event in history
which is to mark and identify the beginning of that pe-
riod. Now the scripture evidence to pin this event down
to the first vear of Cyrus is of two kinds. 1st. Prophetic.
2d Historical. To the truly humble, confiding Christian,
a "thus saith the Lord" that an event shall be, is enough:
but our Heavenly Father, knowing our infirmity, and the
s i n ( u n b e l i e f ) " which doth so easily beset. us," has in
this case added his "thus hath it been." Now to the
proof. 1st. Prophetic evidence. Jer. 27 : 19—22, "For
thus saith the Lord of hosts concerning the pillars, and
concerning the sea, and concerning the bases, and con-
cerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city,
which "Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took not, when
he carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim
king of Judah'from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the

3 3 4

nobles of Judah and Jerusalem ; yea, thus saith the Lord
of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that
remain in the house of the Lord, and in the house of the
king of Judah and of Jerusalem ; they shall be carried to
Babylon, and there shall they remain until the day that
I visit them, saith the Lord ; then will I bring them up,
and restore them to this place." Here we learn what
had been, as well as what was yet to be carried away
from Jerusalem. "The people and the vessels of the house
ofthe Lord, and of the king's house." The language of
the last verse is worthy of notice. We are told, " there
shall they be until the day that I visit them, saith the
Lord ; then will I bring them up aad RESTORE (the same
word used in the text) them to this place." The length
of time that should elapse previous to this "visit of the
Lord" is determined. Jer. 29 : 10, " For thus saith the
Lord, that after seventy years be accomplished, at Ba-
bylon I will visit you, and perform my good word towards
you, in causing you to return to this place." This last
prophecy (see context) was directed "unto the residue of
the elders, which were carried away captives, and to the
priests, and to the prophets, and to all the people whom
Nebuchadnezzar had carried away captive from Jerusalem
to Babylon. In these two quotations we find what was
cariied away, and the prophecy in the text could only be
fulfilled by the bringing back or restoring the same. But in
Isaiah 44th and 45th chapters, it seems to me there is
enough to set the question forever at rest. Isa. 44 :
24—28, "Thus saith the Lord thy Redeemer and He
that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord that
maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens
above ; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself; that
frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners
mad ; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their
knowledge foolish ; that confirmeth the word of his
servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers ;
that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited : and'to
the cities cf Judah, Ye shall be built: and I will raise up
the decayed places thereof; that saith to the deep, (Eu-
phrates.) Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers; that saith
of CYRUS he is rny shepherd and shall perform all my
pleasure, even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built:
and to the temple', Thy foundation shall be laid." This is
the very counterpart to the phrase in the text, "the going
forth of the commandment;" and according to this pro-
phecy, CYRUS, and not Artaxerxes, was to SAY this.—
Chap. 45, verse 1, " Thus saiih the Lord to his anointed,
to CYRUS, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue na-
tions before him : and I will loose the loins of kings, to
open before him the two-leaved gates, and the gates shall
not be shut." 13th verse, " I have raised him up in
righteousness, and I will direct all his ways : he shall
[issue the command to] build my city, and he shail let go
my captives, not for price nor reward, saith the Lord of
hosts." 2d. Let us look now at the historical evidence
of inspiration. In the last chapter of 2 Chronicles an
account is given of the commencement of the 70 years
captivity, and of the desolations of the city and temple,
which took place eleven years after ; at which time they
carried away to Babylon the vessels and treasures ofthe
house of God which yet remained, as also the people
that "escaped from the sword," "where they were ser-
vants to Nebuchadnezzar and his son3 until the reign
ofthe kingdom of Persia, to fulfil the word of the Lord
by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her
sabbaths ; for as long as she lay desolate, she kept sab-
bath, to fulfil three score and ten years." The legiti-
mate inference from this language is that her desolations
were to come to an end at the same time with the 70
years, otherwise there is no meaning to the language
here used, to express a definite period of time.

According to the error against which I am contending,
there must be added to this period of 70 years all the
term of the reigns of the kings of Persia, down to the
7th of Artaxerxes, in order to accomplish the desola-
tions here spoken of as being fulfilled in three score and
ten years. The last two verses of this chapter are almost
literally the same with the beginning of the next book.
Ezra chapter 1st contains what I understand to be an
account of the "going forth of the command to RESTORE
and build Jerusalem," of which the decrees by Darius and
Artaxerxes were only confirmatory, as was the decree of
Phoras, A. D. 6 0 6 , o n l y confirmatory of that of Justinian,
in 535, to the effect of putting the saints into the power
of the little horn.

A more particular account of the decree of Cyrus is
found in the 6th chapter of Ezra, which purports to be a
literal copy of at least a part of the record. Verse 3, "In
the first year of Cyrus the king, the same Cyrus the king
made a decree concerning the house of God at Jerusalem,
Let the house be huilded, the place where they offered
sacrifices, and let the foundations thereof be strongly
laid ; the. height thereof three score cubits, and the
breadth thereof three score cubits ; with three rows of
gieat st'ines, and a row of new timber ; and let the ex-
penses be given out of the king's house: and also let the
golden and silver vessels of the house of God, which Ne-
buchadnezzar took forth out of the temple which is at
Jerusalem, and b r o u g h t u n t o T^hvinn he RESTORED, and
brought again unto thf temple which is at Jerusalem,every

one to his place, and place them in the house of God.
At this time, then, we see, the commandment went forth
to RESTORE the sacred vessels. And, as we find in the fst
chapter, the same decree had the effect to restore the
people of the captivity to their homes, to the number of
49,697; while on the other hand, the decree of the 7th of
Artaxerxes brought out of captivity but 1754 males, and
that of Darius and of the 20th of Artaxerxes do not appear
to have had the effect to restore any of the people from
captivity ; and neither of these last mentioned decrees
had anything to do with restoring the sacred vessels of
the temple, as they had been all restored long before.

I will here answer an objection which I suppose will
be made to my argument ; it is this : " The decree of
Cyrus says nothing about rebuilding the city and th email."
(The same is true of that of the 7th of Artaxerxes.) W e
do not know whether it did or not, as we have not a
copy ofthe whole decree, and can judge of its contents
only by the effect which it had and the impression which
it made upon the surrounding nations. This we may
learn from Ezra 4 : 12, 13, " Be it known unto the king,
that the Jews which came up from thee to us, are come
unto Jerusalem, building the rebellious and bad city, and
have set up the walls, and joined the foundations. Be it
known unto the king, that if this city be builded, and the
walls set up again, then will they not pay toll, tribute, or
custom, and so thou shalt endamage the revenue of the
king." Such representations as these were made by the
enemies of the Jews to the kings of Persia, in order to
the hindering of the work of building the temple and city.
For this purpose they wrote letters to king Ahasuerus
and to Artaxerxes, the former of whom is probably the
same as Cambysus, the son of Cyrus, and the latter the
same as Smerdis, the Magician. But it seems to me
ridiculous to suppose the 50,000 Jews who returned with
Zerubbabel should remain in and around a desolate city,
from the first year of Cyrus to the 7th of Artaxerxes,
without attempting to rebuild the houses or repair the
walls, surrounded as they were by enemies ; and to say
the least, not prohibited from doing so by the decree
which brought them out of captivity. That the work of -
repairing the walls was commenced, and interrupted by the
troubling of them by their enemies, as above related, ap-
pears also from the fact that afterwards, when the work
was resumed by Nehemiah in the 20th year of Artax-
erxes, it required but fifty-two days to complete it. (Neh.
6 : 1 5 ) Again, the temple was finished before the reign
of Artaxerxes, " in the sixth year of the reign of Darius
the king." (Ezra 6 : 15 ) Of course the "going forth
of the commandment" must have been previous to this

The decree of the 7th of Artaxerxes is spoken of in
Ezra 7 : 27, as having for its object to " beautify the
house ofthe Lord which is in Jerusalem," while nothing
is said in it about either building the temple or city, or
restoring what had been carried away. From the 36th
verse of the 8th chapter of Ezra, we learn the effect of
the decree : "and they furthered ihe people and the house
of God." Now what this decree had the effect to fur-
ther must have been already commenced, and therefore
we must look for the going forth of the commandment
to do it at a time previous to this.

One more reason for dating from the first year of Cy-
rus, and I have done. Many signs are given in God's
word by which we may know when the end is near ; but
for the day and the hour we are every where enjoined
to watch ; and I cannot find that they are anywhere
revealed. Neither the day nor the month is mentioned
on which the decree went forth in the first year of

Sentence rendered by Pontius Pilate, acting Governor

of Lower Galilee, stating that Jesus of Nazareth shall
suffer death on the cross ;

"In the year seventeen of the Emperor Tiberius
Caesar, and the 25th day of March, the city of the holy
Jerusalem, Annas and Caiaphas being priests, sacrifica-
tors of the people of God, Pontius Pilate, Governor of
Lower Galilee, sitting on the presidential chair of the
Practory,condemns Jesus of Nazareth to die on the cross
between two thieves—the great and notorious evidence
ofthe people, saying :

"I . Jesus is a seducer.
"2. He is seditious.
"3. He is an enemy of the law.
"4. He calls himself, falsely, the son of God.
"5. He calls himself, falsely, the king of Israel.
"6. He entered the temple, followed by a multitude

bearing palm branches in their hands.
" Order the first centurion, Quillus Cornelius, to lead

him to the place of execution.
" Forbid to any person whomsoever, either poor or rich,

to oppose the death of Jesus.
" The witnesses who signed the condemnation o f ; Je-

sus are, viz : 1. Daniel Rohani, a. pharisee ; 2. Joannas
Rorababel ; 3. Raphael Ilobani ; 4. Capet, a.citizen.

"Jesus shall go out of the city of Jerusalem by the gate
of Struenus."

Page 7


The above sentence is engraved on copperplate. On
one side are written these words : "A similar plate is
sent to each tribe.'* It was found in an antique vase of
white maible, while excavating in the ancient city of
A qui 11a, in the kingdom of Naples, in the year 1820, and
was discovered by the commissaries of arts attached to
the French armies, at the expedition of Naples. It was
found enclosed in a box of ebony, in the sacristy of the
Chartrem. The vase is in the chapel of Caserta. The
French translation was made by the members of the
commission of arts. The original is in the Hebrew lan-
guage. The Chartrem requested earnestly that the plate
should not be taken away from them, and the request
was granted, as a reward for the sacrifice they had made
for the army. M. Denon, one of the Savans, caused a
plate to be made of the same model, on which he had en4
graved the above sentence. At the sale of his antiqui-
ties, &c., it was bought by Lord Howard for 2890 francs.
Its intrinsic value and interest are much greater.—[Phi-
ladelphia Gazette. ]

Taken from the N. Y. Evangelist of Dec. 7, 1839.
Dear brethren of the Advent faith—This document

which I now present you bears the marks of being genu-
ine If so, it proves conclusively that our Lord was cru-
cified in the MIDDLE of the last week of the seventy. It
is dated in the seventeeth year of the SOLE reign of Tibe-
rius Csesar. I say of his SOLE reign, because it was in
the fifteenth year of Tiberius that John the Baptist began
his ministry. See Luke 3 ; 1—3. But from the fifteenth
year to the seventeenth there are but about, two years ;
consequently there would not be time for John's minis-
try, ancl then for half of the week, amounting to 3 1-2
years, to elapse. The difficulty is removed in this Way.
John's ministry began in the fifteenth year of the ADMINIS-
TRATION of Tiberius, and not of his SOLE reign. His ad-
ministration embraced two years and a part, during
which he reigned conjointly with his uncle Augustus.—
This commenced in August, A.D. 12. Fourteen years from
that; point brings us to August, A.D. 26,when the fifteenth
year began, in which commenced the ministry of John,
"which continued to the Autumn of A.DJ27, at the ter-
mination of the 69 weeks of Dan. 9 ; 25. See Mark 1 :
14, 15. But the sole reign of Tiberius began not far from
the commencement of A.D. 15, at the death of Augustus.
Where then will the seventeenth year bring us 1 This
question is not a difficult one to solve. Sixteen full years
must pass, and then we are in the seventeenth. Then
add 16 years to A.D. 15, and we have A!D. 31. Thus we
see that the 17th year of the o'.e reign of Tiberius began
about the first ofthe year A. D. 31.

Then let us sum up the argument. John's ministry
began in the latter part, of A.D. 26, and ended with the
autumn of A.D. 27. Here commenced the week of the
Confirmation of the covenant, i. e., the establishment, of
the gospel as a divine system, by the mighty works of
Christ. Three years and a half from this point brings us
to the spring of A.D. 31, when our Lord was crucified in
the "MIDST fi e. middle] of the week." Three years and
a half more, (the last half of the week,) during which the
word or covenant was confirmed by them who had heard
the Lord, (Heb. 2 : 3.) brings us down to the autumn of
A. D. 34, when Paul, the last of the witnesses, was con-
verted and qualified to testify to the great fundamental
truth of the resurrection of Christ. See 1 Cor. f5 : 8.
Thus was the gospel established, or the covenant con-
firmed, A. D. 34.

I believe this argument to he based on correct pre-
mises, and to be perfectly sound. What then is the con-

j elusion 1 It must certainly be this : That as the 70
weeks ended in the autumn of A. D. 34, the remaining
part of tbe 2300 days, i. e., 1810, being added, brings us
to the autumn of A. D. 1844.

Then let. no man say the time has expired. God forbid
that we should take such a position. It is virtual infi-
delity. For myself I must say, that I would as soon re-
ject that blessed book which God has given as a lamp to
our feet and a light to our patb, as I would take the
ground that the prophetic periods have expired. " Let
God be true but eiery man a liar." " Hath He said, and
will He not do itl Hath He spoken and will He not m ike
it good 1" Most assuredly he will. "At the tine appointed
the end shall be." When the 2300 days terminate, the
last end of the indignation will come, and the sanctuary
will be cleansed, as surely as God bath spoken. I be-
lieve the period ends in 1844. But I am confident, from
the light I have received from God's blessed word, in
those glorious types which He has given in mercy, for
His children to understand, that our King and Saviour
wiil appear in his glory in the seventh month of the Jew-
ish sacred year. O ! my dearly beloved brethren and
sisters, do not be discouraged. Let not your heads hang
down or your hearts be fearful. Yet a little while, and
the jubilee will come, and redemption will be granted to all
the land. Even so come, Lord Jesus !

S . S . SNOW.

INTERESTING COINCIDENCE. I incorrectness, committed a great mistake ; because
The following extract is from a book called "HEAVEN 1 they have founded their faith on the word of man, in

OPENED," published in London about fifteen years ago
The author is Alfred Addis, B. A. of Trinity College,
Cambridge, England. The work is published by
Joseph Robins, Bridge Court, Bridge Street, London*

"The two thousand three hundred years, from the per-
fect re-establishment of the religious affairs of the Jews4
by Artaxerxes, B. C. 457, till the church is sanctified
and cleansed with the washing of water by the word,
and presented to Christ a glorious church, according to
the vision of Daniel, chap. 8 : 9—14. It must be
known, that at the time of the delivery of this vision,
the temple, and the temple service, of which the daily
sacrifice formed the chief part, did not exist ; for the
sanctuary was desolate, Dan. 9 : 1 7 ; 18, and the peo-
ple scattered abroad. Dan-9 : 7. Daniel sees in this
vision, the sanctuary restored, and the service going
on ; but the sanctuary again cast down, and the service
again interrupted. The question, then, very naturally
is asked : How long a time is this vision of the restor-
ed daily sacrifice to occupy 1 How long is the re-
stored daily sacrifice, which is seen going on in vision,
to last before this fresh interruption ensues 1 and after
this fresh interruption, occasioned by this fresh apos-
tacy, how long is the sanctuary and host to be desolate,
before it is again re-established 1 The answer is, that
the whole period to elapse till the cleansing of the
sanctuary, is to be 2300 days, i. e. years : but what
portion of the time the vision of the daily sacrifice by
itself, was to occupy, is not here said. But we are
here told afterwards, when Gabriel, whom Daniel had
seen in the vision at the beginning, i. e. in this vision,
Dan. 8 : 15, 16, came purposely to give Daniel skill
and understanding, chap. 9 : 21 ; 22, for he was as-
tonished at the vision, 8 : 27 ; (as well he might be,
when he foresaw another desolation after the one al-
ready subsisting—viz : that during the seventy years
captivity,) " and none understood it"—that with re-
spect to the daily sacrifice, Messiah would cause all
sacrifice (virtually) to cease, on the division of the
last week of seventy weeks, i. e- of the last seven
years of 490 years, after its full and effective restora-
tion under its proper prince, which happened B. C.
457. By this ostensible key of Gabriel's, it appears
that the daily sacrifice would be delivered up by rea-
son of the apostacy in 487 years time, from the com-
mencement of the 2300, of which consequently the re-
maining 1813 would elapse before the cleansing of the
sanctuary. But as the 487 years expired A. D. 30,
at the commencement of our Lord's ministry, the re-
maining 1813, or the whole 2300, will expire A . D.

But in another method the same calculation of the
2300 years may be reduced. This vision of the daily-
sacrifice, and the subsequent desolation was to last
2300 years. But as the daily sacrifice is not recogniz-
ed by Gabriel as existing before Messiah is sole head
of the Jewish church, well rid of the civil interference
ofthe Persian anti-christ, we declare at once, that the
commencement of the 2300 years began B. C. 457,
though the temple was built, and the sacrifices perform-
ed before. For prophecy does not regard the putting
together of stocks and stones. Jerusalem and the
daily sacrifice, mean the civil and religious polity of
the Jews, settled on its own independent basis—Mes-
siah the chief corner stone, and the law and prophets
the foundation."

ID* Bro. II. A. Chittenden passed through this city on
Monday last, on his way to Hartford, Ct.

W e have received the following communication
from Bro. Geo. A. Sterling, the Episcopal minister at
Huntington, Ct., which we insert with pleasure.

H U N T I N G T O N , Ct. April 23, 1844.
Bro. Southard,—I feel the promptings of a strong

desire to say a word through the Cry to the Second Ad-
vent believers. We have certainly arrived at an inter-
esting crisis in our faith, and I fear that many from
whom we hoped great things, will " draw back," simply
because man has said that Christ will come at such a
time, and that time has passed away without our see-
ing the Lord. T o such I would say—hath not God in
his word often warned you against trusting in man—
believing or doing aught because He has said that thus
it will be ; " Cursed is he that trusteth in man," " In
all thy ways acknowledge Him and He shall direct
thy paths." " The meek will He guide in judgment—
the meek will He teach His ivay;" not man's way.
Now all who have professed to believe that Christ
would come in the Jewish year 1843, because some
teachers have so declared, have independently of its

stead ofthe word of God. The faith of such has been
human, not divine. The consequence is that such give
up their faith. They ought to give up such faith, and
be humbled that they ever received it from mortal
manb It is also true that there are a great many who
have believed, that they were taught of the Lord,
that this was so—who now, perhaps seeing that the
Jewish year is passed, are filled with surprise and
know not what to think. For one, I have publicly tes^
tified that when I resolved as a matter of duty, to teach
i843, as the true termination of the 2300 days, brihgs
us to the coming of the Lord, that it led me into the
ocean of God's love in a degree indescribable^ That it
was instantly attended with a baptism of the Holy
Ghost,giving me in addition a supernatural fearlessness
and determination to proclaim it. As Bro. Cox says,
when speaking ofhis own wonderful experience in the
same : " I then obtained the testimony that Enoch did
—that I pleased God." There are thousands doubtless
who Can testify to the same. What then has become
of this ? Has not the time passed, and we been mis-
taken 1 I answer no. My view is this ; although such
have never been taught, that the Lord would come in
the Jewish Year 1843 ; still I doubt not, that in believ-
ing that Christ would come 1843 years after the 457,
which extend from the going forth of the command-
ment, to the birth of Christ—I say, that I doubt not,
in receiving this as the true interpretation of God's
word, ( I speak not of verbal accuracy,) has been at-
tended with the blessing and witness of the Holy
Ghost. I believe it with all my soul. Therefore have
not a shadow of doubt that in a few days, " all these
things will be fulfilled." But be it borne in mind, that
in all this I had no assurance, as to the season of
the year when the 1843 years terminate. Certainly
I have had no definite reason to believe that they would
terminate in connexion with any Jewish year, because
the great events included in the 2300 years, have had
no connexion that I know of, with the precise end of
this year. W e know not, that Christ was born at the
end of a Jewish year, civil, or ecclesiastical, or com-
menced his ministry at the termination of one; but
this we know, that he commenced it at the end of 483
years from the going forth of the commandment; as
to the time of his crucifixion, we know that it was at
the passover, better than two weeks from the com-
mencement of the year. If the 490 years, (or 70
weeks,) expired at the crucifixion and ascension*—the
season of which corresponds with our month of M a y -
why do we not look to about this period, for the ter-
mination of the 1810 and 1843 years. To my mind we.
have infinitely more reason for this, than for having
looked to the termination ofthe Jewish year. Accor-
dingly, to me,-we are entering upon a period of five or
six weeks, " big with the hopes of immortality." True
we know not the day or the hour, nor never will, until
it hursts in glory upon our happy heads. The be-
ginning and ending of the periods are too much involved
in obscurity to come so nigh. God has revealed the
time in years, hence to believe the time within the
year, is all we can hope for. True, we may form a
fallible opinion, and on it found an expectation, as I
have above, as to within a few weeks ; but still, I Would
not venture to say I believe it, for true belief stands
alone in the power of God. That, he will grant us this
power to assure us of the day or the hour, I have no hope.
True, I believe and mightily enjoy the truth—that " if
we abide in Christ and his word abides in us, that ask
what we will and it shall be done unto us t" but such
definite knowledge is opposed to his word;

At the time appointed, my brethren, the end will be.
That is the end of Gentile dominion and treading down
of JeTU&alem—the mount Zion of Israel's hope. The
time appointed is the 2300 days. 1 would shed a tear of
sympathy over those who have given up because some
one has told them that these days would terminate at the
end of a Jewish year, as though these days would nev-
er terminate, and the prophets but utterers of fables.
Alas ! my brethren, has not God told us that many shall
be made white and purified, and tried? Yes, your faith
needed to be tried, to pass the ordeal ; to shew you
whether it stood " In the wisdom of man, or in the power
of God," it has been a great mercy to you. It is well
that you know, why you professed to believe before
the awful hour. "Cease ye from man whose breath is
in his nostrils." And with Bible in hand, all consecra-
ted to God, fall upon your knees and ask Him if these
things be so. The promise is yours, it is to all ; "that
if ye will do his will, ye shall know of the doctrine
whether it be of Ilim." One of the most melancholly


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