Download TOA1 - 07 Design Principles PDF

TitleTOA1 - 07 Design Principles
TagsRhythm Shape Composition (Visual Arts) Pattern Symmetry
File Size9.7 MB
Total Pages7
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Page 6

Theory of Architecture 1

Input Lecture – Design Principles



The principle of transformation allows a designer to select a prototypical

design model whose formal structure and ordering of elements might be

appropriate and reasonable and to transform it through a series of

discrete manipulations in order to respond to the specific conditions and

context of the design task at hand.

A design is a generative process of analysis and synthesis, of trial and

error, of trying out possibilities and seizing opportunities. In the process of

exploring and idea and probing its potentials, it is essential that a designer

understand the fundamental nature and structure of the concept. If the

ordering system of a prototypical model is perceived and understood, then the original design

concept can, through a series of finite permutations, be clarified, strengthened and built upon, rather

than destroyed.




Balance is an equilibrium that results from looking at images and judging them

against our ideas of physical structure (such as mass, gravity or the sides of a

page). It is the arrangement of the objects in a given design as it relates to their

visual weight within a composition. Balance usually comes in two forms:

symmetrical and asymmetrical.

• Symmetrical

Symmetrical balance occurs when the weight of a composition is evenly

distributed around a central vertical or horizontal axis. Under normal

circumstances it assumes identical forms on both sides of the axis.

Symmetrical balance is also known as formal balance.

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