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TitleTransformation of Sentence(Simple to Complex)-[BanglaEbook.net]
TagsLanguages Sentence (Linguistics) Syntax Morphology Onomastics
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Document Text Contents
Page 1

Sentence
According to structure sentence is three kinds. These are :

1) Simple sentence 2) Complex Sentence 3)Compound Sentence
Simple Sentence : ‡h ev‡K¨ GKwU gvÎ Subj I GKwU gvÎ Finite Verb _v‡K, Simp. S Zv‡K e‡j|

F. V : ev‡K¨i A_© m¤ú~Y© Kivi Rb¨ Subj Gi Number I person †e‡` ev‡K¨i †h Gi Verb
cwieZ©b nq, Zv‡L e‡j|
Ex . He wants to go.
Ex . He catches fish.

Complex Sentence: ‡h ev‡K¨ GKwUgvÎ principal clause (p.cl) Ges GK ev GKvwaK Subordinate
Clause (s.cl) _v‡K, Zv‡K Compx. S e‡j|

P.cl : ‡h ev‡K¨ GKwUgvÎ I GKwUgvÎ _v‡K wKš‘ †Kvb _v‡K bv, Zv‡K e‡j|
S.cl : ‡h clause (p.cl) Gi Dci wbf©ikxj, Zv‡K s.cl e‡j|
N.B. : S.cl me©̀ v Subj-ordinate conjunction Øviv A_©vr who, which, whom, what,
where, when, whose, when, while, why, how, that, if, though, although, because,
sothat, so-that BZ¨vw` Øviv hy³ _v‡K|
Ex. When he came here, I saw him.

Compound Sentence: ‡h evK¨ ỳB ev Z‡ZvwaK p.cl Øviv hy³ _v‡K Zv‡K Compound Sentence e‡j|
Bnv mvaviYZ and, but, or, nor Øviv hy³ _v‡K|
N.B. : mvaviYZ Compound Sentence Gi ỳwU As‡ki subj I verb GK n‡j c‡ii ev‡K¨ subj
I verb Gi cÖ‡qvRb nq bv|
Ex. The man is poor but (he is) honest.
GK ev‡K¨ †_‡K Ab¨ ev‡K¨ i“cvš—i Ki‡Z g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e|
1. principle Clause ‡K KLbI fv½v hv‡e bv| 2. Sub-ordinate clause ‡K memgq †f‡½ KvR
Ki‡Z nq|

Complex Sentence- Simple Sentence
Rule No. (1) Sothat hy³ Compx S ‡K Simp. S Ki‡Z

St. P.cl.+ So that Gi cwie‡Z© to+P.V+.........................
Ex. Nirjhor works hard sothat he can prosper in life.
Ans. Nirjhor works hard to prosper in life.
Rule No. (2) So-that hy³ Compx S ‡K Simp. S Ki‡Z
St. Subj + verb + too + adj +..............+ to + p.v +...........
Ex. Nirjhor is so poor that he can not buy a shirt.
Ans. Nirjhor is too poor to buy a shirt.
Rule No. (3) If hy³ kZ©g~jK Affirmative Compx S ‡K Simp. S Ki‡Z
St. By + if hy³ ev‡K¨i verb Gi mv‡_ ing + euvKx Ask + Kgv (,) + P.cl.
Ex. If you read well, you can make a good result.
Ans . By reading well, you can make a good result.
Rule No. (3) If hy³ kZ©g~jK Negative Compx S ‡K Simp. S Ki‡Z

St. Without + if hy³ ev‡K¨i verb Gi mv‡_ ing + euvKx Ask + Kgv (,) + P.cl.
Ex. If you do not read well, you will fail.

Ans. Without Reading well, you will fail.
Rule No. (4) Unless w`‡q ïi“ n‡jI GKB wbqg e¨envi Ki‡Z nq|
Ex . Unless you read well, you can not succeed in life.
Ans. Without reading well, you can not succeed in life.

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Rule No. (5) When hy³ Compx S Gi Subj Øq GKB n‡j Simp. S Ki‡Z
St. When hy³ ev‡K¨i verb + ing + euvKx Ask + Kgv (,) + P.cl.
Ex. When we came here, we began to play.

Ans. Coming here, we began to play.
Rule No. (6) When/as/since hy³ Comps S Gi ỳwU Clause Gi subj Øq wfbœ n‡j Ges 1g
evK¨wU‡Z am/is/are/was/were _vK‡j †mB RvqMvq being Ges have/has/had _vK‡j †mB RvqMvq
having e¨eüZ nq| Ab¨ †Kvb cwieZ©b nq bv| when/since/as D‡V hvq|
Ex. When the meeting was over, we went back home.
Ans. The meeting was over, we went back home.
Rule No. (7) When Øviv mgq wb‡ ©̀k Ki‡j Compx S ‡K Simp. S Ki‡Z
St. (When + sunj + verb) D‡V hvq + at/in/at the age of + euvKx Ask e‡m|
N.B. : ‡QvU mgq eySv‡jat/in, FZz eySv‡j in Ges eqm eySv‡j at the age of nq|
Ex. When he was four, he left the town.
Ans. At the age of four, he left the town.
Rule No. (8) When hy³ Compx S Gi `ywU Clause Gi subj Øq wfbœ n‡j Simp. S Ki‡Z

St. At the time of + Possessive (subj Gi) + Noun form + euvKx Ask (,) + P.cl.
Ex. When he woke up, it was raining.
Ans. At that time of his waking up, it was raining.


N.B. : Noun form ‰Zix Kievi wbqg t (hw` Rvbv bv _v‡K)
1. adjective Gi c~‡e© be verb _vK‡j being + adjective nq|
2. Subj Gi ci have/has/had _vK‡j having + euvKx Ask nq|

3. Subj Gi ci Action Verb _vK‡j verb + ing nq|
Rule No. (9) As/since hy³ Compx S Gi ỳwU Clause Gi subj Øq GK n‡j Ges 1g evK¨wU‡Z be
Verb _vK‡j Simp. S Ki‡Z
St. Because of + Possessive (subj Gi) – Noun form euvKx Ask + Kgv (,) + P.cl.

St. P.cl.+ because of + Possessive (subj Gi) – Noun form euvKx Ask (Perfect)
Ex. As he was ill, he could not go to college.
Ans. Because of his illness, he could not go to college.
Ans. He could not go to college because of his illness.

Rule No. (10) Who/which hy³ Compx S †K Simp. S Ki‡Z (who/which hw` obj †K wb‡`©k
K‡i)
St. Subj+ verb + Article (hw` _v‡K)+ who/which Gi cieZ©x adjective + Noun
form.
Ex. I know the girl who is beautiful.
Ans. I know the beautiful girl.
N.B. : who/which hw` subj †K wb‡ ©̀k K‡i|
St. Article + adjective + Subj + who/which Gi cieZ©x Ask
N.B. : GiKg ev‡K¨ The Gi cwie‡Z© A/An e‡m|
Ex. The man who is idle can not prosper in life.
Ans. An idle man cannot prosper in life.

Rule No. (11) Though/Although hy³ Compx S †K Simp. S Ki‡Z
St. Inspite of + Possessive (subj Gi) + Noun form + euvKx Ask + Kgv (,) + P.cl.
Ex. Though the man is rich, he is miser.

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